“To be one’s self, and unafraid whether right or wrong, is more admirable than the easy cowardice of surrender to conformity” said American author Irving Wallace. This quote is stating that being an individual is better than following everyone else. The Book Thief and Fahrenheit 451 together share the theme regarding individuality versus conformity. The societies in both books are very different then how we live today. People are not speaking up for themselves and for what they think is right.
People also have the ability to think morally for themselves so morality is relative to someone’s point of view. The main point favoring the cultural relativism argument is that if there are no moral principles, then the principles can only be relative to culture. If someone were to express their opinion about the morals of a culture that they didn’t agree with, including what the culture already believed to be right, then that person would lose the argument without any question. This can be easily disproved because in one culture, not every person is going to have the same moral judgments about what is right or wrong and people can establish objective moral principles. A culture also can’t think of them as having the power to decide which is right and
Therefore, a morally right action would be one that provides more pleasure than pain to the greatest number of people. Accountability for behavior, based on the utilitarian theory, is viewed in terms of consequences; a person becomes morally responsible for their behavior if the consequences of their actions conflict with the greatest happiness principle by replacing the presence of pleasure with pain. Thus, a utilitarian would justify punishment, such as imprisonment for example, by saying that it is for the greater good to imprison a criminal because harm to a large number of people will be prevented if criminal behavior is absent. As with any case, the end would justify the means; a happier, more productive society would accomplished by punishing a criminal. Utilitarians would agree that if action seems morally unacceptable on the surface but is performed to reach an end that will provide for the greater good, then said action is justified.
In the vigilantism cases, although we could all relate to the frustration involved for the actors, we all agree that one must stay within the bounds of the law to seek out justice. The next discussion involved civil disobedience and we found that we agreed that civil disobedience has been helpful historically to help change the laws and improve our society. However, the general consensus on civil disobedience was also that the acts of disobedience must be done in a peaceful manner for the acts to be effective. The final acts of crimes among professionals had another anonymous decision. Our team found that we did not agree with those professionals who chose to commit crimes.
Criminal Procedure Policy Paper CJA/ 364 Criminal Procedure May 29, 2012 Criminal Procedure Policy Paper The role the criminal justice system plays in society is expansive. Criminal justice is designed to keep the public safe, to stop wrongdoing, to punish wrongdoers, and to provide order to society. Given this broad role there will be times when criminal justice will not perform all roles well. This means, of course, that criminal justice will often fail to meet public expectations. Ultimately, the needs people have for criminal justice mean that they believe the criminal justice system should be designed to pursue goals that fulfill
vi. Disadvantages: Patients could not integrate as well as preferred and therefore would this could be harmful for the community and the stigma would not change. II. Ideological Principles: Utilitarian ethics and Virtue ethics f. Utilitarian ethics values the community and society as a whole over the individual and state that “well being is measured according to what produces the most possible, for the most recipients
However, I believe this misconception distorts the truth because an introverted personality actually qualifies for leadership in our current society. From this reason, I think introverted people are good enough to become a good leader. First of all, what is introverted personality and why introverted people are blamed by other people? As we know introverted person is more consideration for other party than extroverted. But it is not a problem who wants to become a leader.
• Social Control theories attribute crime and delinquency to family structures, education, peer groups etc. • Theorists share a conviction that deviant behavior is expected. • “Why people obey rules” main thing trying to be proven • Critical component of all social control theories is their attempt to explain factors keeping people from committing crimes. Social Heritage • Cynicism of the United States because of Watergate • Conservatism enhanced popularity of control theories, theories themselves not inheritantly conservative. Intellectual Heritage • Connection with strain theories.
Defense of Educating Inmates One of the most common characteristics amongst inmates is a lack of education; this affects the inmate’s ability to attain a job, possibly resulting in a life of crime and ultimately imprisonment. Education is the most helpful resource offered in the prison system; better behavior during incarceration, less chance of recidivism and better preparation for life after release are only some of the benefits of educating inmates. Because prisoner education programs “help promote a positive transition to society”, (Vacca 2004) participating inmates are more behaved, have fewer disciplinary issues, are far better prepared for the outside world and following release are more likely to succeed, rather than return to prison, “Inmates exposed to education programs have lower recidivism rates than those who do not participate. In particular, most vocational programs in prison reported lower recidivism rates, lower parole revocation rates, better release employment patterns and better institutional disciplinary records for participants than for non-participants” (Vacca 2004). The likelihood of a prisoners return to the prison system depends on his/her ability to prosper outside of prison, research by the Federal Bureau of Prisons shows that education programs increased a former inmates chances for success in the work force; “ex-prisoners who participated in employment and vocational education programs in prison had a better chance of maintaining employment and earning slightly more money than similar ex-prisoners who had not participated” (Vacca 2004).
They instead believe people are freewilled and responsible for their own actions. Human behavior was considered to be motivated by a hedonistic rationalle, where people weighed the potential pleasure of an act against the possible pain or punishment. The classical or enlightened thinkers were concerned with protecting the rights of the people from the corruption and excess of the current legal institutions. The barbarous punishments were not the onlyproblems. At the time crime was very poorly defined and due process was either absent or ignored.