The Principle of Hajj

1468 Words6 Pages
The religion of Islam is grounded up five basic principles of righteous laws to maintain religious and global peace (Kamal-ud-Din 2010). These principles are referred to as the five pillars of Islam, which true believers of the religious must follow with mandatory and fulfill within their lifetime if physically, mentally, and socioeconomically possible. The first of the five mandatory pillars is Shahadah, ritualistic declaration that the one and only God to be worshipped is Allah, and Muhammad was God’s last messenger. Following this is Salat, the process of prayer which is repeated five times a day. The third pillar requires all believers to fast and practice self-control during the blessed month of Islam. The fourth pillar, Zakat, concerns the welfare of others. Zakat encourages one to give 2.5% of ones savings to the poor (Hooker 1999). The last of these five pillars is Hajj, Hajj represents pilgrimage in Mecca, however, one is only required and compelled to do this if they are economically able to do so without endangering the healthy lifestyle of themselves and their family. This essay will focus on Hajj, the fifth pillar of Islam, and aim to explain the symbolic and religious understanding behind this while showing evidence of the way in which it has shaped and manipulated the Islamic community for the better. Dalia Salah-El-Deen, a publisher of Significance of Pilgrimage defines Hajj as a representation of the believers total submission to Allah (n.d). Although becoming prominent during the times of Muhammad in the 7th Century, the ritual of Hajj pre-dates the establishment of Islam as a religion. Going back the times of Abraham (Ibrahim), this was well-known practice of pilgrimage in Mecca is said to span a period of over thousands of years to approximately 2000 BCE, according to The world Factbook of Religions, as released by the Central Intelligence

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