To what extent can the Congress and the Supreme Court limit the powers of the President? In the United States of America, the government is divided into three main branches; The Executive Branch- which the President belongs to, Legislative Branch made up on the Congress and finally the Judicial Function – The Supreme Court. The President is the most powerful person in the USA but his power is held in check by the Congress and The Supreme Court. If these institutions don’t like what the President intends to do then they have the power to prevent him. The Presidents greatest powers lie within foreign policy.
Under Article I of the Constitution however, Congress holds many exclusive and monumentary powers, including but not limited to: budgetary powers (taxation, control of national debt), military powers (declare war), lawmaking (passing federal legislation), representation of constituents, investigation, and serving its consittuents. Congress also has dominion over other branches of government: the House of Representatives, for example, holds control over impeaching governement officials and controls the budget for other branches. The Senate must approve treaties and holds power to confirm or unapprove “...federal judgeships, ambassadorships, and cabinet level posts” (Katznelson, Kesselman, Draper, p.45).
Chandra Lauderdale Short Paper 1 Govt. 2302 The main purpose of this chapter is to trace the expansion of presidential responsibilities and power, identify the many roles Presidents play, the functions filled by the President’s many advisers and helpers, the conflict between Presidents and Congress, and assesses how democratic the presidency is and whether presidents Respond to the public. The key questions that the author is addressing are, Does it strike you as odd that an era that produced some of our most respected presidents was in fact a time Of congressional dominance? Are there adequate checks in place
Erik Hansen The judicial branch... the ones who really sit on top In the United States we are supposed to have a government with three equal branches to it that share the same amount of power to be used to keep each other in balance. It is hard to tell if that is actually the case though. Most would think that the president, since they are always in public eye, holds the most power. Congress has is also often in the public eye, with cspan, and elections, but the Supreme Court judges are simply appointed to a life long position unless they do something outrages. There would need to be a lot of checks in order to balance this major power supply.
As the America's leader, the president is considered our countries head figure who stands and acts for the American people as a whole. Many of these implied powers, which are assumed as granted under the Constitution although not explicitly listed, branch from a president's responsibilities that increased over the past few decades. Many presidents have used their implied or informal presidential powers to enhance their personal influences, and often the power and potential influences of later presidents. These informal powers are also derived in part from the president’s use of the image and reputation of the office
To what extent is it reasonable to describe modern British prime ministers as presidents in all but name? Few, if any, now doubt that the office of prime minister dominates the British political system. As long as the holder of that office is not faced by too many limiting factors, such as a small parliamentary majority or a divided party, the British system has moved away from the traditional ‘cabinet government’ model to a ‘prime ministerial’ model. We argue that the system has now become ‘presidential’. * PMs perform most of the functions of a head of state: The prime minister has come to be, effectively though not legally, the head of State, the leader of the nation, irrespective of party allegiance.
In this essay I want to demonstrate that The President of the United States has a major role in the executive branch of government.In the first part of my essay I will talk about the duties of the President.In the second part I will focus on the limitations which he encounters during his mandate.In the last part I want to demonstrate the Head of State can manage to have a great career and that he is able to influence what happens in his country. The President of the United States is the only nationally elected politician who has the responsability of speaking for its country as a whole and of representing the national interest both in foreign policy and domestic affairs.The President has various political roles which he must execute in order to lead the country properly. One role of the President is that of Head of State.He is busy with the administration of the country and he must stand for the highest values and ideals of the country.As the Chief Executive he decides how the laws of the United States are to be enforced and chooses officials and advisers to help run the Executive Branch.He is also a Chief Diplomat and decides what American diplomats and ambassadors shall say to foreign governments and with the help of advisers,he makes the foreign policy of the United States.The President is in charge of the U.S. armed forces like the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marines as a Commander-in-Chief.He decides where troops shall be stationed, where ships shall be sent,how weapons shall be used and all military generals and admirals take their orders from the President.The fifth role of the President is that of Chief Legislator and due to the Constitution he has the power to influence Congress in its lawmaking although only Congress has the actual power to make laws.As Head of Party he "exercises great influence over the party's national organisation and can play a major
Party's can rely on their loyal MPs to vote in favour of their bills, for example; from 1997-2005 Blair's government didn't lose a single vote in the House of Commons because he had such a high majority. The efficiency of this majority also means the government is able to act quickly and decisively in an emergency, where as if there was no single party with popular support, legislation could be chaotic and it would be difficult to come to a decision. For example, the Terrorism Act of 1999 was passed in just 48
A Prime Minister is entitled to personally chair cabinet meetings, control the appointment of ministers to cabinet and even control both the agenda and the minutes of a meeting. The ability to appoint ministers gives the Prime Minister a certain amount of power in
Practice of liberal democracy ------------------------------------------------- “In the USA the executive dominates foreign policy but is powerless on the domestic front. In the UK, the executive dominates everything” Explain and discuss. The executive branch of any government is generally seen as the most important and dominant branch in most existing societies, the USA and the UK included. The executives take important decisions, represent the nation on a global scale and are responsible for the legislative process. However the executive power can and has to be constrained to ensure a more democratic system of governance.