As Chief Executive, the president maintains the role as head of the executive branch of the government. Basically, this role grants the president the power and responsibility to make certain that all of the laws are accurately executed. Although the president may ask for opinions from executive department heads, the president is ultimately responsible. The president is the decisive decision maker in all military matters as Commander in Chief. All military leaders report to and take orders from the president.
However structuralists have argued that mass political movements in Germany were on the rise and did in fact influence politics. The power the Kaiser has was overwhelming because he didnt have to answer to neither the reichstag or the bundesrat, he ultimately has complete utter control over domestic and foreign policy. This would suggest that Wilhelmine Germany was an authoritarian state under the kaisers rule, but many historians such as Wehler suggested his own version of the argument which states that Wilhelmine Germany was in fact shaped by the elites (junkers) and the army which simply controlled the Kaiser from the shadows. In this essay i will discuss these interpretations offering the view that Wilhelmine Germany was an 'authoritarian' state under the rule of elites and ultimately the kaiser. Kaiser Wilhem II was an unpredictable, intelligent man with a poor judgement, hardly the kind of person you would give almost unchallenged political powers.
To what extent is it reasonable to describe modern British prime ministers as presidents in all but name? Few, if any, now doubt that the office of prime minister dominates the British political system. As long as the holder of that office is not faced by too many limiting factors, such as a small parliamentary majority or a divided party, the British system has moved away from the traditional ‘cabinet government’ model to a ‘prime ministerial’ model. We argue that the system has now become ‘presidential’. * PMs perform most of the functions of a head of state: The prime minister has come to be, effectively though not legally, the head of State, the leader of the nation, irrespective of party allegiance.
Chief of Staff Matthew Ridgway dissuaded the President from intervening by presenting a comprehensive estimate of the massive military deployment that would be necessary (McAullife, 1981). President Eisenhower was the first president to employ professional legislative liaison personnel, and he introduced the position of assistant to the president for national security affairs, now popularly known as the president's national security adviser. He relied a great deal on his cabinet and National Security Council. Although Eisenhower resented claims that he was a weak leader, his very approach to leadership furthered this impression. The impression upon Americans was that he reigned
The USA’s citizens are entitled to their right to vote. The citizens determine their president as well as other members of their government. Oceania’s totalitarian government gives its people no right to determine who runs their country. Big Brother is the dictator; interestingly it is unclear whether Big Brother was even still alive or was ever alive at all. Unlike Big Brother the USA see’s their president quite often giving speeches and making public appearances in the flesh, as well as in the media.
It was Richard Neustadt who said that “the power of the Presidency is simply the power to persuade”, referring to the United States political system, made up of checks and balances, in which the President of the US has to coax and persuade Congress to their will on any legislative decision. Neustadt is a very interesting character, as he was on the advisory board for Lyndon B. Johnson (LBJ), who is focussed on in this essay. Neustadt also wrote this quote just before John F. Kennedy came into office, crucially, after the other President I will look at, Dwight D. Eisenhower, left office. His statement is very credible and still has very real implications to modern American politics, where it seems persuasion has many more outlets in the media driven political landscape than it ever has done. Votes are won and lots through the meticulous attention paid by journalists to politicians.
Which do you think is the most appropriate way of interpreting the Constitution, and why? Under the Constitution, justices on the Supreme Court receive lifetime appointments, when a justices retires or for some reason a seat comes available two general motivations appear to underline the choices of almost every president, one is the desire to have the nomination serve the president’s political interests (in the partism and electoral senses of the word “political”, as well as in the public policy sense); the second is to demonstrate that a search was successfully made for a nominee having the highest professional qualifications. The procedure for appointing a Justice is provided for by the Constitution, the “Appointment Clause”. The president shall nominate, and by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint…Judges of the Supreme Court. The candidate must first be nominated by the president and then confirmed by the senate.
The president is the physiognomy of our nation and is a more authentic representative of the American people than is Congress. The presidency is the only office directly elected by the entirety of the population and represents a comprehensive climate of the nation. Americans can easier identify with and place confidence in the person of the president than with a body of delegates of whom perhaps a handful is known to anyone citizen. Moreover, recent studies have shown congressional members have become more of a declaration for the extreme views of their parties and less representative of the populace. The voice of the people has been made less affecting and left buried beneath the bullhorn of party ideology and lobbyist contributions.
Deborah Lim Period 6 February 22nd, 2012 Presidential Qualifications In the United States, the president represents the main leader if our country. The president has many roles to play in our government, that is why they must be the most qualified they can be to lead our country in the right direction. They must meet the legal requirements written in the Constitution to be eligible for being president. But there are numerous unstated qualifications that highly impact how well the president can lead our country. First, there are three qualifications that are clearly written in the Constitution.
Primus inter pares – ‘ A first among equals’ In the UK prime minister is considered to be a ‘first among equals’ as they act as a chairman of their ministers. Cabinet government – A system whereby the power of the executive is vested in the cabinet who hold collective responsibility, the prime minister is still ‘first among equals’, he has further powers than his ministers such as patronage but cannot act unilaterally. Royal prerogative – powers exercised in the name of the crown these are the power to : -declare war and negotiate treaties -dissolve parliament - appoint government ministers - appoint judges 2007 ‘governance of Britain’ green paper included proposals to allow parliament to scrutinise how ministers use prerogative powers. Collective responsibility – Secrecy – Ministers must keep details of cabinet meetings secret Binding decisions – Once a decision is made by the cabinet system it is adopted by all cabinet and junior ministers even if they were not involved. Those who are unable to accept this are expected to resign or to be dismissed; senior ministers who have resigned include Nigel Lawson (1989), Sir Geoffrey Howe (1990), and Robin Cook (2003).