The Power Of Congress

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The main reason why Congress is the first branch is because under the first article of the Constitution it is the world’s most important representative bodies. Meaning the U.S. Congress is one of the few national representatives’ bodies that actually possess powers in the governance (AmG p.135). The vast authority of the congress has the two most important powers which are the power of force (control over the nation’s military forces) and the power of money. Congress rules over everyone in the house. Each representative in the congress has a vast amount of what they are spending and each bill has to go through them first then get the last sign off from the president. The Congress can lay and collect taxes and deal with the indebtedness and…show more content…
Every two years at the beginning of a Congress, all four legislative parties (Democrats and Republicans in both the House and the Senate) gather to elect their top leaders. The elected leader of the House majority party is automatically elected Speaker of the House; in addition to this post, all four legislative parties also elect floor leaders, whips, and other leaders. Party leaders in Congress exercise important internal influence, especially by setting the legislative agenda, as well as external influence in being important media voices and fund-raisers for their parties. Some political scientists argue that members give power and influence to party leaders primarily so that those leaders can advance members’ individual and collective goals and that, to the extent members share policy goals, they are more likely to yield additional power to their party leaders. The committee system, the core of Congress’s organization, consists of standing committees, each of which has its own policy jurisdiction, membership, and authority to act. Committees’ policy jurisdictions allow legislators who are members of those committees disproportionate influence on the policies that matter most to them and their constituents. Considered as agents of the overall House or Senate chamber, committees are delegated, first, the authority to act as gatekeepers to determine what policies will be considered, and second, the after-the-fact authority to follow up on the fate of policy proposals by serving on conference committees and, subsequently, overseeing the policy’s implementation. Congressional power is, in part, a function of its capacity to effectively represent important groups and constituencies in society, but its position and power have suffered as presidents came increasingly to be seen as
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