The Political Establishment in Germany Succeeded in Maintaining the Political Status Quo During the Second Reich Through a Policy of Moderate Reform Essay

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The Political establishment in Germany succeeded in maintaining the political status quo during the second Reich through a policy of moderate reform – How far do you agree? Many histories refer to the period in time when Kaiser Wilhelm II was in power as the Wilhelmina political era. Wilhelm considered himself to be all-powerful and based his authority on the divine right of kings. He was able to exert his personal rule because he had total control over the appointments to the imperial government. The Kaiser surrounded himself with yes men who sympathised and supported his view. It was his responsibility to appoint his chancellors who were directly accountable to him. The Reichstag was the German parliamentary body who on the whole didn’t have a good relationship with the chancellors after Bismarck. At the start of the 20th century the Reichstag had a strong balance of political forces, but it soon became divided by those who wanted a fully parliamentary democracy and those who wanted to uphold imperial Germany. The New course was a political reform under Chancellor Caprivi; it described the international political rearrangement of the German empire. The new course was a contemporary modification of the telegram from Wilhelm in 1890, the plan’s aims were to resolve social conflicts, improve working conditions, and modernise German society. The scheme tackled poor working conditions by passing a series of labour laws between 1890-92, reduced military service from three years to two, removed tariffs in order to reduce food prices, and restrictions on the SPD were removed as an attempt to develop closer relationships with the centre party. The policy had some successes such as better working conditions for the working class and tax reforms, but essentially failed and ended in 1894. . Many people opposed the reforms such as the army, and conservatives who weren’t

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