Slavery: “The Peculiar Institution” Slaves were brought to the colonies first as indentured servants then slave traders started capturing slaves from Africa and bring them to the Caribbean. The colonist found slave labor cheap compared to indentured slaves who eventually ended their service. Slavery began in the United States about the 1630’s. During this time the colonial courts and legislatures made Africans property and enslaved to their masters for a life time. The legislature also ruled that slave status would be inherited by their children.
However, most people looked badly upon religions outside of their own. One of the most close-minded settlements in America was New England, this was both a good and a bad thing as it brought the settlers closer together, but also pushed outsiders away. The Middle Colonies accepted many more churches, as there was a greater amount of ethnic and religious diversity. This shows the importance of religion by highlighting how it brought people with common religions together to form colonies and gave incentive to people who lived in England to immigrate to America for more religious freedom than they previously had. Colonists were provided with even more reason to practice their religion and continue their work in America for a better, more liberated life.
Socially, the two colonies were molded by different religions and beliefs. Religious values and beliefs fortified the Massachusetts Bay, while on the other hand, personal gain and wealth was the driving force for the people flocking to Virginia. And politically, the types of government figures and leaders differed, along with the different axioms toward the native population. Therefore, the Massachusetts Bay colony and the Virginia colony developed differently. The Massachusetts Bay colony and Virginia colony had an economic structure that differed in several ways.
Even when some where free, spanish enslaved indians around the Americas in order to create a faster way to profit themselves. In addition, slave indian migrations took place soon after the decline of some natives population around the andean region. To make matter worst, Portugal who first introduce african slave migrations in New Espanola expanded slavery trade around the globe into brazil who needed worker in their sugar fields. The introduction of slavery reduced the other labor forces; nevertheless, it didn't really work in all the Americas. For example, Mexico and Peru who had incorporated slaves as primary agricultural labor force had a less common slavery rate than Portugal/Spain did in Cuba and Portugal in Brazil.
Unlike Virginia Colony the only way you could become a freeman in Massachusetts Bay Colony was membership in the Church, not land ownership like The Virginia Colony. Agriculture played a dominant role in Virginia Colonies development. Massachusetts Bay Colony was by the water which was great for trading but their land was not suitable like Virginia Colonies land was to grow their crops. Developing Crops created a huge demand for slaves in the Virginia Colonies. Slave trade was significant in the Massachusetts Bay Colonies as well.
Although personal slavery existed as a cultural mechanism, its use was never as intensive as chattel slavery in the New World. Slavery in Africa was much different from the slavery in the New World. Slaves were acquired through warfare, indebtedness and punishment for a crime and had been treated like a part of the family and were integrated into the large society in Africa and the Ottoman Empire. In contrast, slaves had been bought by European and shipped to the New Word like property. Slave trade in Africa in existence for centuries was a key factor of European expansion and had
Although both groups had similar purposes for their explorations, they have different goals, the achievements and failures. were more concerned with colonization, debtors and prisoners to get rid of the old world, and to achieve religious freedom. Spanish and English explorers to support the newly settled colonies need to make some sort of revenue.They also harvesting sugarcane, "rich man's crop", investment and although it took hard work and labor, and slaves require a large amount of work, it was still a source of income. They also set up foreign trade. Central and South America had settled in Spanish, the English chose to explore North America.Either find it or steal gold, or by serving as a trading post was established to make money.Tobacco proved to be easy to develop and bring in a great deal of revenue for the colony.
In William Bradford’s essay “Of Plymouth Plantation” he describes the hardship the puritan faced under King James I of England where he started to change things in Protestantism and attacking people who disagreed with him. (133) Fearing the religious persecution William Bradford and other separatists moved to Holland to have more religious freedom. They started following the teaching of John Calvin and calling themselves Puritan separating themselves from the main church of england. When they came over on the mayflower to set up the early colonies there was a lot suffering and death. There was sickness and hunger and most of people’s children die before they reach adulthood.
Mississippi was admitted as a slave state to the union because of the intense profitability of cotton and the use of slaves. The war of 1812 would drastically change the relationships of plantation owners and the slaves that they owned. The owners begin to realize if they treated slaves like humans it would likely decrease the odds that the slaves would rebel against them. Slaves begin to migrate into Mississippi very heavily during this time also. The slave trade saw massive amounts of slaves being brought into this area at this time.
The Jamestown settlers’ motivation for coming to America was one similar to that of the Roanoke settlers. They hoped to find gold, a water route to Asia, and make money for the shareholders in England. The status of the settlers varied dramatically. About half of them were of the English gentry, while the rest were tradesmen. Subsequently, the settlement became highly dysfunctional since the English gentleman refused to do work that was necessary to the colonies survival.