The Pequot Indians: Fort Mystic

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Imhotep Powell 10/2/08 7th period The Pequot Indians Fort Mystic The Pequot Indian are one of the most know Indian tribes in history because of many different reasons. The Pequot are a tribal nation of Native Americans who, in the 17th century, inhabited Connecticut. The Pequot War and Mystic massacre eliminated the Pequot in southern New England. The Pequot Indians were Highly-organized, aggressive and warlike, the Pequot also known as the “Destroyers” dominated Connecticut before 1637. A pattern continued later by the closely related Mohegan. As were their neighbors, the Pequot were an agricultural people who raised corn, beans, squash, and tobacco. Hunting, with an importance on fish and seafood because of their…show more content…
These tensions escalated when Pequot killed English colonists and traders in 1633 and 1636. After the murder of an English captain on Block Island in 1636, both sides began to prepare for further hostilities. While English troops arrived to strengthen Saybrook Fort, located at the mouth of the Connecticut River, some Pequot Indians attacked Wethersfield further north, killing nine. Under English and Mohegan command, white and Indian troops allied against the Pequot and support from the Narragansett Indians. After a two-day march, the party surprised and burned the Pequot fort near present-day Mystic. Only seven Indians escaped the slaughter. English forces attacked a second Pequot stronghold two miles away the same…show more content…
The English and their allies pursued them and caught up with the group in Sasqua Swamp, near present-day Southport, Connecticut. The ensuing battle resulted in the capture of about 180 Pequot. The Pequot’s' Indian enemies adopted many of the captives into their own tribes and killed many of those who initially escaped. The war decimated the Pequot tribe as a formal political unit until the twentieth century, when Pequot descendants reorganized in southern New England. The remainders were placed under the Mohegan, and it is from this group that the two current Pequot tribes have evolved. The Mohegan treated their Pequot so badly that by 1655 the English were forced to remove them. Two reservations were established for the Pequot in 1666 and 1683. By 1762 there were only 140 Pequot, and the decline continued until reaching a low-point of 66 in the 1910 census. At present, the State of Connecticut recognizes two Pequot tribes: Mashantucket and Paucatuck. The 600 Paucatuck Eastern Pequot have retained the Lantern Hill Reservation 226 acres at North Stonington but are not federally recognized. The Mashantucket Western Pequot received federal recognition in 1983. Created from lands purchased from the profits of a bingo operation and successful land claim settlement, their Ledyard reservation has expanded to 1,800 acres. Striking changes occurred after a gambling casino began to

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