The Pathophysiological Process of Chlamydia Essay

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The Pathophysiological Process of Chlamydia According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Chlamydia is the most commonly reported sexually transmitted disease in the United States and is caused by an infection with Chlamydia trachomatis. It can cause cervicitis in women and urethritis and proctitis in both men and women (Cdc.gov, 2015). It was named after the Greek word chlamys meaning "cloak draped around the shoulder" which describes the inclusions of the bacteria that surround the nuclei of infected cells (Austincc.edu, 2015). Chlamydia is most common among young people. There are an estimated 3 million cases in the U.S. annually with reported rates being three times higher in females than in males. Chlamydia is most common among sexually-active persons aged 14-24 years and it is estimated that 1 in 15 sexually active females aged 14-19 years of age has chlamydia. A large number of cases are not reported because most people with chlamydia are asymptomatic and do not seek testing. Although it is easy to cure, chlamydia can make it difficult for a woman to get pregnant if left untreated. Chlamydial infections in women can lead to serious consequences including pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), tubal factor infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain (Cdc.gov, 2015). Chlamydia, or chlamydial infection, is a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis (C. trachomatis). Having unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex with an infected person can transmit chlamydia. It can also be transmitted from simply having genital contact with an infected person. An infected mother can also pass the infection on to her baby during childbirth (Medical News Today, 2014). A person’s age, sex, socioeconomic status and sexual practices are the most common risk factors for chlamydial infection. Young women

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