The Paleolithic Diet

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The Paleolithic Diet: An In-Depth Look Camilo Medina American Military University The Paleolithic Diet, otherwise known as the “Paleo Diet” or “Caveman Diet”) is a fairly new diet that originates from the fairly ancient diet of our Paleolithic ancestors. In order to delve in to the specifics of the Paleolithic diet one must fully understand what has happened to humans since the Paleolithic age. In an article from the Mayo Clinic Proceedings Journal by O’Keefe and Cordain (2004), human evolution can be traced back to the Paleolithic period (2.6 million years ago to about 100,000 years ago). They point out that “Although the human genome has remained largely unchanged (DNA evidence documents relatively little change in the genome during the past 10,000 years), our diet and lifestyle have become progressively more divergent from those of our ancient ancestors.”(O’Keefe & Cordain, 2004)These facts highlight that even though “socially, we are a people of the 21st century; genetically we remain citizens of the Paleolithic era.” by virtue of our biological makeup. (O’Keefe & Cordain, 2004) However, the agricultural revolution of approximately 10,000 years ago influenced the “abandonment of our ancestor’s way of life in favor of an agricultural based society.” (Cordain, 2002, p. 5) This agricultural lifestyle paved the way to a radical change of our diets. The basic components of our modern day diets include among other things: “dairy based products, refined grains and grain products, processed foods, fatty meats, cereals, salt based condiments and refined sugar.”(Cordain, 2002, p. 10) Dr. Loren Cordain, one of the leading advocates of this diet postulated in her bestseller book “The Paleo Diet” that modern day diets are “at odds with our genetic makeup” and that this incompatibility “causes many of our modern diseases.” (Cordain, 2002, p. 4) She further
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