Professor Larry Miller
May 6, 2012
The origin of property
The origin of property doesn’t have a specific date and cause, but some philosophers estimate and give us some reasons about the origin of property. Philosophers such as Winstanley, Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau have discussed the origin of property. The basic definition about property is a thing or things belonging to someone, possession collectively, a building or building and the land belonging to it or them. A natural law theory holds that property originally comes about by the exertion of labor upon natural resources. Private property refers to a kind of system that allocates particular objects like pieces of land to particular individuals to use and manage as they please, to the exclusion of others (even others who have a greater need for the resources) and to the exclusion also of any detailed control by society.
Thomas Hobbes was an English philosopher who lived from 1588 and 1679. During and immediately following the war between forces loyal to King Charles and those loyal to Parliament. Hobbes reflected and said on his own words “giving to every man his own,”. But later on Hobbes wondered how could anybody call anything his own, then he explained further that for something to be truly yours there has to be one unambiguously strongest power in the realm, and that power treats it as mine, protecting its status as such. Hobbes basically thinks that property rights could not be established without the state and, as a consequence that the sovereign decides what property rights there are. If so, neither position makes sense. In other words the rules to acquire property aren’t natural. They were invented by human convention and so they are artificial. But the rules were established prior to the state and property rights existed independent of the state’s authority. It’s the claim that property rights are independent of the state’s authority that Hobbes opposed. The argument...