The Ontological Argument For The Existence Of God Essay

1322 WordsMar 27, 20126 Pages
The Ontological Argument for the Existence of God [Your Name] [Course] [Instructor] August 1, 2011 The Ontological Argument for the Existence of God The ontological argument is based on logic and reason and not observance of the physical world. “Deductive arguments or ‘ontological proofs’ offered for or against the existence of God claim that belief in God is either necessary or absurd from the very nature of things. If one starts with the right premises and definitions, one is led by the inexorable processes of logic toward a necessary conclusion. The problem, of course, is that the premises and definitions that theists and non-theists want to use are rarely indubitable, and like the contexts required for interpreting inductive evidence, these premises and definitions inevitably involve assumptions about God or the world which are already in line with the conclusion one wishes to draw.” (Crutcher, 2010). Onotological Argument for the Existence of God Fails St. Anselm was the first to present an ontological proof of the existence of God. Thomas Crutcher (2010) summarized Anselm’s argument as follows: “God is that being greater than whom nothing can be conceived. Existence as a real being is greater than existence as merely a mental conception. If one posits a God who is only a mental conception (i.e., who does not exist), then one could still posit a being greater than this God (i.e., one who exists as a real being). But this contradicts the definition of God. Therefore, we must posit that God exists.” (p. 5). Despite the many debates Anselm’s theory created over the meaning of “greater” and “being”, Crutcher (2010) argues that Anselm’s theory fails “as an argument against non-theists because its premises can be freely doubted.” (p. 5). If one doubts that God exists, they will also doubt the qualities predicated to God. “The conclusion

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