We know that in the past divorce was very hard to get as it was only legal for the men to file a divorce and was socially unacceptable. However over the years the government has been passing laws in order to make divorce easier and cheaper. In 1969, the Divorce Reform Act was introduced which made it much easier to get a divorce. Also the law that was passed in 1984; which allowed couples to only stay in a marriage for one year before filing a divorce, helped make divorce easier. Statistics have shown that due to these legal changes more women are filing divorces as 7/10 women have filed a divorce compared to men.
One of the most symbolic examples is China, it was the poorest country in the world after the Second World War, but more than 600 million Chinese people got rid of poverty since the 1970s. There is an education policy which children do not pay tuition fee from primary school to middle school. There is also a subsidy for students who are in some public high school and university, so that almost every student has the
This is proven since in 1900 the IMR in the UK was 154 and by 2007 it had sharply declined to 5, owing to many factors including improved housing and better sanitation. So infant mortality rates decreasing has caused birth rate to decrease and therefore also decreasing family size. A final reason is the idea that children have become an economic liability. This is due to two many reasons, the first being laws
So, education is still put in the center of China’s administrative policies even though there are several setbacks in the development of China’s regular education system. For example, the Cultural Revolution led to tremendous losses for China’s higher education and the secondary education, since the higher system was shut down and thus a rising generation of college and graduate students, academicians and technicians, professionals and teachers were lost, and classes in secondary schools were closed or stopped for the political scramble. Ten years later in 1978, however, china’s education system began to gain its vigor. Since then, China has adopted the education policy of nine-year compulsory schooling system, which means all children are required to attend school for at least nine years, which usually means that children can complete primary and three years secondary education. The May 1985 National Conference on Education (Education in the People's Republic of China, 2005) brought a milestone in China’s education as it recognized five fundamental areas for reform to be
Also, some adults do not end up getting married, almost 19 million Americans (Benokraitis, n.d., 3). Furthermore, children under the age of 18 living with two married parents went from 77 percent to 67 percent (Benokraitis, n.d, 3). That finding shows the increase of divorce among Americans. The article, “The Changing Landscape of Family”, states that women are spending less time with their children than before and there is a decrease in the number of children per family. This is partially because women have started to go back to work and the economy in the present day is not very stable so supporting a bigger family is not easily done.
Based on current projections to 2015, the adolescent birth rate fell from 59 births per 1000 women age 15–19 in 1990 to 51 births per 1000 in 2015 (WHO, 2015). However, teenage pregnancy trend varies in regional levels because of the variation of health determinants, population of adolescents and socio-cultural patterns. Much of the lifestyle, norms and economic status shapes the adolescent health outcome that significantly increases at one region and differs from the others. Child marriages is a primary source of income for most countries driven from poverty because of the challenging socio-economic statuses, yet hinders the opportunities for better education. Researchers claim that there is higher teenage pregnancy rate in developing regions compared to developed regions which is because it is proven that 95% of world’s adolescents are living in middle and low income areas of Sub-Saharan African and Western Pacific region.
Research shows that 28% of homes are single person households. This is due to the divorce rates increasing to a rate where it is now the norm, whereas in the past, society would look down on an individual who even considered divorce (social stigma). Research shows that now 40% of marriages have ended in
She doesn't believe that the 50's should be taken 'literally' because from the 50's there were changes in values that caused racism and sexism discrimination against women. Many of the existing social problems could have been avoided or ignored. Racial conflict was intense in many places, but many suburbs were exclusively white. The poverty rate was higher than today, but at least it was falling. Teenagers had more babies than they do now, but access to good jobs-even with only a high school education-enabled young men to marry their pregnant girlfriends.
The more people around the world in-creases the so does the amount of diseases. Yet with the more diseases going around doesn’t put much of a decrease in human population. This is because for just as many of people are dying from disease, there are just about the same amount of babies being born if not more. Some countries try to keep the population rate from getting too high by limiting the amount of children a woman can have. If a woman has more children than the law there allows, they will force the woman to have an abortion or kill the infant when he or she is born.
Most of these policies are focused on controlling the number of children a single family had. While countries like China have been doing this for many years, there are people who do not see it as a good idea. As a result many people have begun to fight against those policies. Reducing the number of children per family is positive when it makes government planning easy and allows planners to be as accurate as possible in predicting future needs. If that happened in the US, the policies would not work to the advantage of the State for a number of reasons: the USA is not suffering from overpopulation, strategies to control the population have failed in a number of countries which have tried to impose it, and using birth control or abortion is unethical.