The Negatives of Oil

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The release of a liquid petroleum hydrocarbon also known as an oil spill has a large negative effect on the ocean. Oil is commonly used by individuals however often oil can be a problem to organisms and their inhabitants. Oils spills are a form of pollution and there are various sources of oil in bodies of water. There are several scientific solutions for oil spills, as well as possible ways to prevent this harmful pollution. In 2010 ,172 million gallons of oil spilled from a whole on the ocean bed in the Gulf of Mexico. There are four major and significant ways of how the oil is transported to the ocean. The four ways are, oil seeps, consumption, transportation, and extraction. All the ways listed above are harmful and waste our limited amount of oil. Oil seeps accrue when natural seeps emerge from below the sea floor. This is common in areas where oil is found under the continental shelf, examples of areas like this would be the Gulf of Mexico and Offshore of Southern California. These natural seeps release as much as 14 million barrels per year. However the rate of the oil being released is extremely slower compared to man-made oil spills. Oil seeps are not constantly freeing hydrocarbon molecules. Another source is consumption. Consumption consist of cars, boats, and jet skies. Cars drip petroleum which then is washed off by the rain and runs off into the ocean. This is most common in costal areas. The third major way is transportation. Which includes tankers and pipelines that contain oil. This is mostly caused by careless mistakes which lead to oil leaking from the tankers or from hurricanes which flip the tanker over. 7.7% of the oil in the ocean is from oil tankers. Extraction is the last major way of oil being released in the ocean. This transpires when oil from platforms are spilled and when there is a blowout. Blowouts are also referred to as
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