As we undergo experiences throughout life and gain knowledge, we recognise that our own perspectives can often be centred around assumptions that we have and by broadening our understanding, we are able to erode our initial perspectives. In the film, Looking For Alibrandi, and also in a short story entitled Flowers by Alice Walker, the protagonists both have initial perspectives about people, the society that surrounds them and the world in which they live, and find themselves bearing experiences and acquiring understanding to alter their perspectives. An abrupt catalyst for an alteration of a perspective forces us to shed some of the assumptions that lead us to hold our initial perspective. In the film, Looking for Alibrandi, the protagonist,
Change through experience is an evolutionary and unavoidable process that can generally be defined as the act or instance of making or becoming different, and is a major factor that influences and significantly impacts on individuals’ lives. When an individual undergoes change, it results in an alteration of the individual’s viewpoints, perspectives and how they understand themselves in relation to their surroundings and relationship with other people. We can explore notions of Change through the novel ‘Looking for Alibrandi’, by Melina Marchetta and the short animated film, ‘Harvie Krumpet’, by Adam Elliot. The main causes of change in the two texts are alterations in the characters’ perspectives and the protagonist’s relationships. Our understanding of the consequences of change
“Appropriation study of texts is interesting because the changing values and attitudes of particular time periods can be observed.” Evaluate this opinion in relation to the Jane Austen’s novel, Emma, and Amy Heckerling’s film, Clueless. In your response make detailed references to both texts. 3. In comparing your TWO texts you will have become aware of how the contexts of the texts have shaped their form and meaning. Of more interest, perhaps, is a comparison of the values associated with each text.
In the analysis, examples will be drawn from a range of sources to contrast the inferential requirements of portrayals in each medium. There is a focus on two film adaptations in particular, Apocalypse Now and Trainspotting. The former, according to Stam (2005) would more intertextual in adaptation than faithful to Conrad’s novel. It uses a range of strategies to convey the text’s themes in an alternate context which illustrate the choices the director makes in order to balance the depiction and assertion of the narrative. The second adaptation employs highly visual depictions of mental processes which challenge the notion that viewers can only infer mental activity.
The events may be arranged chronologically or nonchronologically and may be factual, fictional, or a blend of the two. (262) Together with narrative, form is another technique often used to narrate so as to attract audiences’ attention. Just as William H. Phillips says: Structure, which some scholars and theorists call form, refers to the parts of a text and their arrangement. In a fictional film, the selection and order of events help viewers comprehend the story and strongly influence how they respond…Fictional structure (characters, goals, and conflicts); some functions of beginnings, middles, endings; combination of different brief stories (plotlines) into a larger, more complex story. (264) Classical narrative form is commonly known as linear narrative which refers to stories told in a single line with logical order and ends with an assured conclusion, usually seen in traditional Hollywood films.
Over time a stimulus may affect a segment of the population in such a dramatic way that they alter as a society their moral make. “The nature and structure of belief systems is important from the perspective of an informational theorist because beliefs are thought to provide the cognitive foundation of an attitude. In order to change an attitude, then, it is presumably necessary to modify the information on which that attitude rests. It is generally necessary, therefore, to change a person's beliefs, eliminate old beliefs or introduce new beliefs." (Richard Petty) The unfolding of time brings changes and transitions to societies.
in the book Fahrenheit 451, it shows that people will change with the changing environment and people that they encounter. You can have physical comparisons that can change the way people look at themselves and others. Literary devices are used to show how characters change as the story progresses. What the characters say impacts what they think and how the change throughout the story. Ray Bradbury describes in detail and how they could change throughout the book.
The assessment phase includes identifying the problem or opportunity, collection of data, and the analysis of data. The planning phase targets what system needs to change or what process needs to change. During this phase Lewin’s model of change is initiated (unfreezing). Present attitudes, habits, and ways of thinking have to soften so members of the target system will be ready for new ways of thinking and behaving. Boundaries must melt before the system can shift and restructure.
His field theory states that "one’s behavior is related both to one’s personal characteristics and to the social situation in which one finds oneself." LEWIN"S CHANGE THEORY His most influencial theory was his model of the change process in human systems. Kurt Lewin theorized a three-stage model of change that is known as the unfreezing-change-refreeze model that requires prior learning to be rejected and replaced. Lewin's theory states behavior as "a dynamic balance of forces working in opposing directions. " CONCEPTS Driving forces Driving forces are forces that push in a direction that causes change to occur.
Motivating Change There are two related tasks which need attention for this process to be successful. The first is creating readiness for change and the second is overcoming resistance to change. 1. Creating readiness for change - Before people are ready to change they must experience a dissatisfaction with the status quo. There are three methods