In Mesopotamia, the extremely flat land between Euphrates and Tigris River in present day Iraq and Kuwait, the unpredictable floods by Euphrates River forcing the farmers into heroic effort to keep the ripening grain fields from being drowned by water. Farmers have to build irrigation system to protect the grain from the unregulated flood. The raising in population and overusing of the irrigation system also turned the soil unproductive and lowered the output. Life was difficult for farmers depending on the agriculture. Egyptian civilization originates in regions of East Africa along Nile River, isolated by desserts and water.
I think it was a greater advantage because most of their predertors walked on all fours so being bipedal helped them see they predertors coming from afar and also helped them defend themselves. It is clear that Being bipedal was the greatest accomplishement. Some people believe that fire was the greatest advantage of
Homeostasis: Pill bugs do not urinate, but instead have an amazing ability to tolerate ammonia gas, which they can pass directly through their exoskeleton. I believe that pills bugs will prefer the fresh leaves because living things usually like to obtain their energy from fresh sources rather than stale sources. Procedures: Experiment 2: See lab handout. Experiment 3: 1) Collect 10 pill bugs. 2) Take a divider tray and put dead leaves in one part and fresh leaves in the other.
They didn’t need roads because of it, they just used it to move from Upper Egypt to Lower Egypt and built canals to go east or west. Because their beliefs of death included life after death, the Egyptians planned elaborate tombs. Originally they buried the pharaohs in Mastabas, which were flat rectangular tombs. Around 2667 BC Djoser desired a more elaborate tomb. He asked his assistant Imhotep, architect, to design it.
(Text- Page 154) Farmers were able to plant small seed on the Chinampas. Chinampas grew plants faster which made it effective to the lives of farmers and to the society. Aqueducts were an invention in which engineers created. Tenochtitlan was greatly affected by the droughts; during the time of drought it was difficult to gather water. Aqueducts brought fresh water from springs outside of the city to Tenochtitlan, the aqueducts improved the lives of Aztecs, (Text- Page 153) and they were not as greatly affected by the drought, they were still productive because of the aqueduct.
Mummifications are nearly the same, if not better than, current embalming procedures. Egyptians believed that embalming their dead was needed to enter the afterlife, and therefore was used as a religious practice. The total mummification process took an average of seventy days. The body was basically emptied and filled with sodium bicarbonate and resin. It was then left for a couple of days, and then filled with cloth, sawdust, and herbs, wrapped and then placed in a coffin (“Embalming”).
GKE Task 1 I chose Egypt and the Nile as the geographic factor that contributed to the development of Ancient Egypt. The Nile is considered Egypt’s lifeline and important to the economy. Each year the Nile floods bringing with it numerous elements that nourish the land, not like the Tigris or Euphrates systems that have alkaline waters. The Nile fertilizes the land making it perfect for planting. The Ancient Egyptians planted wheat, barley, and many other crops after the flood waters receded.
The Egyptians did not make a strong distinction between body and soul as many other cultures do. “Rather, they believed that from birth a person was accompanied by a kind of other self, the ka or life force, which, on the death of the body, could inhabit the corpse and live on (Kleiner 59).” This meant that the sooner the body was entombed and laid to rest the better off the soul of that individual would be. A person’s wealth and status determined how elaborate the burial and tomb was, however, the technique they used to preserve the body was pretty much the same. The mummification process took ten weeks. First, they would take the brains out of the head using a hook going up through the nose, scramble them and let the brains drain through the person’s nose.
Unfortunately, this area had very little agriculture potential at first, but the Aztecs invented chinampas and terrace farming. Chinampas were small plots of fertile land made from the muck at the bottom of the lake. With water tapped from the lake to their plots and the temperate climate, cultivators were able to produce crops of maize, beans, squashes, tomatoes, peppers, and chilies all year round (Bentley & Ziegler, 2008, p. 541). Step farming was another way to cultivate an abundance of crops. It was used to prevent soil from sliding down the hills due to the heavy rain in the area.
To mummify a body, there were three main steps. The first step was to get rid of everything that was inside the body except for the heart and skeleton. The removed organs were placed in jars. Those jars were placed in the tomb with the body later on. The heart was kept because it was thought to be important, but the brain was believed to have no importance, so it was extracted through the nostrils.