There is a vast difference between morality and law. In general, law means a rule of being or of conduct, established by an authority able to enforce its will; a controlling regulation; the mode or order according to which an agent or a power acts.On the other hand,morality means the shared values and beliefs of a society or a section of a society. Law and morals are both normative. They specify what must or ought to be done and mark the boundaries between acceptable and unacceptable conduct. Lord Devlin who has adapted the authoritarian’s point of view believes that morality and law should overlap.He argued that society rests upon,indeed depends upon , a shared morality that can be legally defended in the same way as society may defend itself from subversive action such as terrorism.Moreover,legal rules should reflect moral rules.This viewpoint is supported by Aristotle and Sir Thomas Aquinas.
Genocide is basically premeditated mass murder. Goodman questions why mass murder is any different from a criminal killing an individual victim. He states that the answer lies not only in the scale of the crime but the intent as well. “Genocide targets individuals as members of a group, seeking to destroy a race, a culture, a linguistic or ethnic identity, even a class (Goodman, 2010).” Throughout history, genocide has taken place in more than one occasion, causing wars, slaughters and mass destruction of cities and towns. I think that genocide is by far the worst crime in the world.
Although there are different sources, morality all depends on teachings from religious sources of authority. There is also evidence in the secular world that there is an association between religion and morality. It is influenced by religion when it comes to making decisions about important issues, such as abortion. Atheists and the secular world may not accept religious teachings, but their consideration of religion having an input on moral issues suggests that there is a link between the two. The divine command theory suggests that an act is right if it has ben commanded by God, and morally wrong if God has forbidden it.
The divine commands vary in religions but in the end, they all have in common that moral obligations depend on God. Natural law is sometimes described as being deontological because it leads to a set of rules that people have a duty to follow. It is an absolute theory of ethics and was developed by Thomas Aquinas. Aquinas says that the natural laws are universal and unchangeable and should be
The Merriam Webster dictionary defines ethics as the discipline dealing with what is good and bad and with moral duty and obligation. Therefore, making an ethical decision requires an individual to evaluate what is good or bad and the moral duty and obligation to society. The good and bad are defined by societal norms and one’s moral duty is based upon an agreed set of rules, which govern human behavior. However, making an ethical decision often requires a much more in depth analysis of the situation and the possible outcomes. In this paper, I will examine four dilemmas in which decisions must be made based on ethical reasoning and moral duty to society.
Genocide is the systematical destruction of a being by another being from the same specie. Most likely, genocide happens to the weak or poor civilization attacked by a most powerful (“Voices In…” n.pag). Is the case of Sudan where the Arabic community, with significant support from the government, kills weak and powerless black Christians (“Voices In…” n.pag). The word genocide was created during the Second World War (“Voices In…” n.pag). Genocide is defined as the massive killing of a civilization by another civilization for different reasons which can include ethnical, religious or political differences (“What Is Genocide” n.pag).
“Morality is 'personal' to the individual; [while] law must be 'universal' to society.” While legal rules are applied by the courts, in regards to the society, moral rules are applied by society in regards to individuals. Moral rules depend on a person’s guilt to be enforced; however, moral rules too are a
A person inherently has some sort of primitive worldview and code of personal ethics. Understanding, and in some cases coming to grips with, your worldview is important to understanding who you are and what you stand for in life. By knowing what makes you tick and why you act in certain ways is the first step on the journey to personal enlightenment and to creating a more secure sense of self and personal wellbeing. The following pages will establish the basis for my ethical worldview and discuss the development of my own ethical theory. Overview of Relevant Ethical Theories Virtue Ethics Virtue ethics was founded as it is known today by Plato and Aristotle, though
Ethics being that aspect of philosophy which investigates human conducts in so far as such conducts can be said to be right or wrong: it can be defined as the branch of philosophy which deals with the morality of human actions or as a systematic study of the fundamental principles of moral law. Ethics is the discipline while morality is the study. Morality therefore aids us to distinguish those actions that are right from the wrong ones. Most of such actions we grow up to see that people and the society frown at them and also the actions that are morally prudential. In this essay, we will try to answer the question on why we should live a moral life.
There are a number of theories that are found in the world of Philosophy. Moral theories are some of them. This paper serves to explain this type of theories. A moral theory gives an account of the underlying justification for all our correct moral judgments (http://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/~ea10/theory.htm). Morality is concerned with what human beings ought to do and ought not to do.