The Milgram Paradigm

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Title page The Milgram experiment on obedience to authority figures was a series of social psychology experiments conducted by Yale University psychologist Stanley Milgram. They measured the willingness of study participants to obey an authority figure who instructed them to perform acts conflicting with their personal conscience. Milgram first described his research in 1963 in an article published in the Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology[1] and later discussed his findings in greater depth in his 1974 book, Obedience to Authority: An Experimental View.[2] The experiments began in July 1961, three months after the start of the trial of German Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann in Jerusalem. Milgram devised his psychological study to answer the popular question at that particular time: "Could it be that Eichmann and his million accomplices in the Holocaust were just following orders? Could we call them all accomplices?"[3] The experiments have been repeated many times in the following years with consistent results within differing societies, although not with the same percentages around the globe.[4] The experiments were also controversial and considered by some scientists to be unethical and physically or psychologically abusive. Psychologist Diana Baumrind considered the experiment "harmful because it may cause permanent psychological damage and cause people to be less trusting in the future."[5] Australian psychologist Gina Perry examined Milgram's methodology, using original data from the Yale archives in her 2013 book Behind the Shock Machine: The Untold Story of the Notorious Milgram Psychology Experiments. Perry claims that Milgram's experiments and conclusions are flawed because he intentionally downplayed or ignored critical data that failed to support his thesis.[6] Contents [hide] * 1 The experiment * 2 Results * 3
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