Philip Zimbardo’s Stanford Prison Experiment and Stanley Milgram’s Behavioral Study of Obedience have provoked controversy amongst individuals interested in the study of human psychology. Critics have claimed that both studies were unethical and caused serious harm to the participants. Although both trials were later reviewed by the American Psychological Association and approved, many debates and additional research ensued. The strengths, weaknesses and underlying ethics of both studies still provide ample reason for further examination. Only three months after the start of trials for Adolf Eichmann (a Nazi war criminal), Milgram formulated an experiment to question this dispositional view.
Discuss methodological issues in the study of psychokinesis (4 marks + 6 marks) There are many methodological issues with research into psychokinesis, one being that it’s highly fraudulent. Many times which individuals who claim to be able to do psychokinesis tend to not be able to show their ‘powers’ when put in controlled settings. The existence of macro-PK should be able to be easily demonstrated under controlled conditions however, till this date, no compelling evidence has been produced and hence a great focus is put on micro-PK, frankly because it can easily be shown through trickery. An example of fraud in psychokinesis is Uri Geller, who was the most well-known person for psychokinesis abilities and claimed to have powers that he used to bend spoons, stop clocks, be telepathic etc. Gellar, however, would never be able to reproduce his powers when asked to perform on the spot.
Stone has a low opinion of Hall’s ability to help and thinks that Burton is a slob. Leavitt has an problem over whether or not his epilepsy should keep him from being on the team. Stone and Leavitt also decide whether or not destroying the Andromeda Strain is a good idea, since it may be a highly evolved organism. The story takes place in the small town of Piedmont, Arizona, which has been destroyed by unknown bacteria. The setting then moves to an underground government laboratory in Flat Rock, Nevada.
Skloot’s purpose of telling Lack’s story does not come without the terrifying discovery of human experimentation. Researchers claim their experiments are for the greater good, but when they walk on a thin line, they will inevitably trample on both sides. According to the School of Law at Northwestern University, people who “violate bodily integrity and autonomy are routinely punished,” and yet scientist will escape unethical situations will only a slap on the wrist (99:1). Uncovering facts of Henrietta’s immortal life, Skloot indirectly poses the argument of medical malpractice. The medical experiments conducted during the nineteen forties and fifties were very controversial.
Research Analysis: Pleasure in Mass Executions During World War II, there were thousands of young men who lined up to serve their great country of Germany, unaware of Adolf Hitler’s plans for mass execution. In 1968, U.S. soldiers defended their action of opening fire to hundreds of unarmed civilians, by stating that they were given an order. Psychologists have been studying humans’ natural willingness to administer outrageous treatments. Stanley Milgram and Philip G. Zimbardo both held experiments to study the effects of obedience to authority. Herbert C. Kelman and V. Lee Hamilton write about the My Lai Massacre, and the striking similarities to Milgram and Zimbardo’s experiments.
A reader with even slight knowledge of the Holocaust or of Nazi Germany, would understand that sciences practiced during the Holocaust on prisoners was inhumane and as a whole un-scientific. The fact that some of the same procedures used in a time of moral darkness, were being used in America, is unnerving. The idea that Nazis were eugenically sterilizing thousands of people for the same reasons as Americans should unsettle the reader, making them uncomfortable to condone this behavior. The text “Carrie Buck’s Daughter” by Stephen Jay Gould is a successful persuasive text because Gould uses allusions, intellectual language, comparisons, sarcasm and statistics to provoke the reader’s thoughts and make them want to agree with
Although we know there was opposition against Hitler and the Nazi regime it is hard to assess who and how many people took a negative approach to him. Fear of the Gestapo (the secret police) was vast and always present as people were regularly being arrested for crimes of speaking out against Hitler and the Government and sent to the early concentration camps which were later became the ‘death camps’. After the war people were all too keen to announce their distrust and negative feelings towards Hitler as they were ashamed of what he had done, however during his regime many people did not openly oppose him. This makes it hard to know how many people really opposed Hitler. There were different types of opposition towards the Nazi
In 1964 he was awarded the American Association for the Advancement of Science's (AAAS) prize for research, and his work was seminal for psychological studies about obedience to authority. However, his experiments were also highly criticized for being unethical. Diana Baumrind was one of the first to argue that Milgram's experiment did not provide adequate measures to protect participants from the stress and realization that they were capable of brutal actions; that the entire experiment should have been terminated at the first indication of discomfort in the participants; and that because of the intensity of the experience, participants would be alienated from future participation in psychological research. Others, such as H. C. Kelman, argued that the use of deception in these experiment were not necessary because other, non-deceptive methods could have obtained similar results. Milgram defended his work, arguing that adequate measures were indeed taken to protect participants; participants could withdraw from the study at any time; and that the deception was explained at the conclusion of the experiment.
Chaz Stouffer Professor Herlihy Tuesday, March 24, 2009 Milgram Experiment Essay Milgram Experiment After WWII a major experiment was tended to for the reason to study how someone would obey orders under certain circumstances. There were many actors, interests, institutions, and events which went along with the experiment and with the war. The actors that the historical situation Milgram is responding to are: Nazis, Germans, and the Jews. The Nazis’ interests are to exterminate the Jews and to respond to their supervisors orders. The Germans’ interests are to obey Nazis orders so they would not have to be at fault for being against the laws of Hitler.
How inter-religious conflict has hurt people over time. As discussed earlier, while organized religions followers have provided some individual followers, they have also caused numerous and devastating losses for mankind over history and continuing today: benefits for many 1. Religions have shamelessly obstructed scientific truth while promoting despicable behavior (i.e. that genocide is acceptable, and little girls should not learn how to read, that an eye for an eye vengeance is acceptable, etc. ), and widespread ignorance (i.e.