The Memory Process Essay

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Running head: THE MEMORY PROCESS The Memory Process Patanisha Andrews Psych/550 May 2, 2011 Gaston Weisz The Memory Process The basic memory process is encoding information into memory. Memory is the ability to encode, store and recall information. The three main processes of memory involve encoding, storage and recall. The three types of codes are acoustic (sounds), visual (images or pictures) and semantic (meaningful). Memory is stored and retained overtime then the information is retrieved from the memory when needed. Working Memory “The working memory (WM) refers to a brain system that provides temporary storage and manipulation of the information necessary for such complex cognitive tasks as language comprehension, learning, and reasoning (Baddeley , 2009).” According to Baddeley, “WM requires the immediate storage and processing of information and can be divided into the following three subcomponents: (1) the central executive, which is assumed to be an attentive and controlling system and is important in skills, and two subordinate systems, that is to say (2) the visuospatial sketch pad, which manipulates visual images and (3) the phonological loop, which stores and rehearses speech-based information and is necessary for the acquisition of both native and second-language vocabulary (2009).” Short-Term Memory Short-term memory (STM) refers to memory that is limited both in its duration and its capacity (Terry, 2009, p. 230). As assessed in laboratory tests, STM retains on the order of five to seven items, for several seconds to less than a minute in the absence of rehearsal (Terry, 2009, p. 230). Therefore in order to get something into your long-term memory, a person will need to remember it for at least 30 seconds to one minute (Terry, 2009, p. 230). Current memories are abounding in sensory quality, such as color, sound, and texture

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