The structures were also as a form of making him seem immortal to all those who knew and those who are against him. However, the large scale of the building program required a lot of materials and workers to be completed, which had a great impact on New Kingdom Egypt and its people. The construction of such large buildings was a change from the rulings of previous pharaohs. Since Ramesses II built “without concern for quality”, many more workers were needed for manual labor and construction. Ramesses II want fast results which forced him to ransack many other monuments of previous periods to obtain building stone that were already cut to size.
Hammurabi had his scribes create the world's first written, comprehensive law code. Hammurabi claimed that these laws were sanctioned by the gods, and had copies carved on markers to be placed in key locations throughout his cities. This code unified his empire by creating standards and solidified King Hammurabi’s authority over his empire. King Hammurabi made sure that first the Code of Hammurabi acclaimed that the Hammurabi King was the only source of authority and power. The
Ahmose was succeeded by his son Amenhotep I as Pharaoh, at the beginning of the 18th Dynasty. A king and Pharaoh in the New Kingdom, was a role of much importance; culturally and politically. It was his (infrequently her) role to be a leader, warrior, builder, administrator, ruler and divine figure between the people and the gods worshipped in Ancient Egypt. The Pharaoh was often depicted in artwork and statues highlighting the power one had and the respect one must be shown. The role of a Pharaoh also included the erection of buildings and monuments that depicted the riches of the role crown and of the empire.
The ancient Egyptians believed firmly in the after-life and had complete faith in their gods and beliefs. The New Kingdom Egyptians believe in the cycle of life, death and rebirth, patterns that were apparent in nature. The study of the archaeological remains of Deir El-Medina (home to the artisans who built temples and tombs for pharaohs of the New Kingdom) and the Valley of the Kings (the home of tombs for kings and nobles of the New Kingdom) reveals the significance of religion to the ancient Egyptians. The Egyptians’ religious beliefs and practices were many. There were two gods that influenced their ideals on rebirth and resurrection.
At the beginning of the four decades, “the temple of Zerubbabel was the center of worship, but in the days of Jesus the temple of Herod had replaced it.” Alexander the Great rose to power and brought with him the ideas of the Greek culture and language. With Hellenism came superstitions, intellectual freedom, Greek architecture, athletics and a myriad of gods. When Jesus arrives on the scene, Rome is now the mighty military force and Herod the Great is a main character trying to extinguish the life of the arriving messiah. Jesus grows up in a world that has religious tensions and conflicts of beliefs between the Pharisees, Sadducees, Essences, Herodians and Zealots. The Hellenistic Period When the Hellenistic Period emerges in 323BC, Alexander the Great is the reigning conqueror.
For example, one reason why jealousy overcame the Princess is because the lady behind the door was described as, “One of the fairest and loveliest of the damsels of the court.” (Page 342 Line 183). In addition, “She had seen this fair creature throwing glances of admiration upon the person of her lover, and sometimes she thought those glares were perceived and even returned.” (Page 342 Lines 186-190). This tells how the Princess is obsessive over her lover. The Princess also states not once, but twice how she despises the damsel. The Princess must have chosen the tiger due to her undying jealousy.
Zarathustra eventually convinced Vishtaspa, the Iranian King, to help use his power to help spread the new religion. There was to be no animal sacrifices, but still use the fire alter with the idea that the fire wasn’t to be worshiped but rather used as a symbol of divine good. Again, it was a monotheistic religion with he holy spirit Spenta Mainyu, but saw the universe in a morally dualistic fight as a good verses evil struggle since the beginning of time. To be good meant to be honest, cultivate farmland to help the community, and show kindness to all including animals. Divine judgment occurred in the afterlife and was based on a reward verse punishment system.
However, the king was not always called a pharoah. This didn't start until the 18th dynasty in 1554 B.C. Before this, pharaoh just refered to the king's palace (“History of The Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt”). The people believed their king was not just merely a man, but that he was a god in human form (Wilson, 14). For this reason, they allowed him to have absolutecontrol over the land, government, economy, people, laws, etc.
By examining the various primary sources, lecture notes, and textbook, I conclude that the Roman world was transformed by the way people understood the relationship between religion and the state during this period because each leader believed in a different way to bring success and dominance over Western Europe causing Christianity to evolve in the Roman Empire. From 284 to 305 CE, Diocletian ruled as emperor of the Eastern Empire. Diocletian “appointed three men to share his rule” creating a tetrarchy government to provide more effectual governance over the empire by balancing authority and territory. He convened for Lactantius, master of Latin rhetoric, to teach rhetoric at the imperial government and to manage the “Latinity of the imperial court’s official documents;” thus making Lactantius an important eyewitness to Diocletian’s reign. According to Lactantius’s On the Deaths of the Persecutors, in February 303 CE, Diocletian launched the last persecution of Christians which denied Christians of all legal rights.
Vedder, R K, & Gallaway, L E, (1997), “Greece,” Twentieth-Century America, Updated Edition, New York: New York University Press, p. 77. 2. "Greece." Eastern Europe: An Introduction to the People, Lands, and Culture. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2004.