The Medici Family

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The Medici Family Throughout history there have been many families that had an impact on history. One of them is the Medici family. The Medici dynasty started when family members migrated from a Tuscan village in Cafaggiolo to Florence. Through banking the Medici family became one of the most important families in Florence. Cosimo Medici was the oldest son of Giovanni di Bicci de' Medici. Cosimo was born in 1389 and began to gain political power by 1434 he was the uncrowned king of Florence for the rest of his life. He was a devoted supporter of the arts. Cosimo’s grandson Lorenzo who was born in 1449 the Renaissance blossomed and Florence became the cultural center of Europe. Lorenzo was a poet and also supported Botticelli, Leonardo Da Vinci, and Michelangelo. Soon after Lorenzo died at age 43. His oldest son Piero followed him however he was forced out of the city in to exile and died in exile, as a result of him signing a negative peace treaty with France. Piero’s younger brother Giovanni who would later on become Pope Leo X made efforts to return to Florence. The Medici family was able to return to Florence in 1512. Leo X followed in his father’s footsteps and he dedicated himself to sponsoring the arts. By the early 1520’s very little of Cosimo’s offspring had lived. As a result Cosimo’s brother Lorenzo begun a new Medici dynasty. Lorenzo’s great-great-grandson Cosimo who was born in 1519 became the duke of Florence in 1537. Then in 1569 he became the grand duke of Tuscany. A while later the Medici family discarded the older generations set up more autocratic reign. Which formed strength in Tuscany and Florence but led to the decline culturally. When the last Medici grand duke, Gian Gastone died without a male inheritor in 1737. The family dynasty had died. In conclusion the Medici family made a big impact on the Renaissance. The Medici family started when
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