After his imprisonment Machiavelli found himself to be unemployed, he tried desperately to re-enter the political scene. He spent most of his remaining years producing his most significant works. This included, ‘History of Florence’, ‘Discourses on Livy’, ‘The Art of War’, etc… However, it was with ‘The Prince’ he hoped to regain political support. ‘The Prince’ was not published until five years after Machiavelli’s death. He originally dedicated it to Giuliano de'Medici.
GENERAL BACKGROUND The roots of the Renaissance surfaced in Italy, where urban life, banking, and capitalism had progressed at a rapid pace. By the 14th century, the city–state of Florence was the leading center of international finance. But, even more importantly, there was a growing consciousness of political identity in 14th–century Italy. Many Italians became interested in renewing their rich classical past, and scholars actively studied the Latin classics. Following the teachings of St. Francis of Assisi (c. 1182-1226), who advocated religion as an intense personal experience, religious and secular thinkers of this period emphasized the importance of personal intuition and experience in seeking both divine and natural knowledge.
After his father died, Leon was brought in by his uncles, where he wrote his first book, “On the Advantages and Disadvantages of Letters.” He loved to write about classics, things dealing with love, virtues and failed relationships. In 1447 Leon became the papal inspector of monuments and also advised Pope Nicholas V on the new building projects in Rome. He completed many books and buildings before his death on April 25,1472 in Rome. His architecture was and never will be forgotten by the Italian people. Leon Battista Alberti was better known for his architecture than his writings.
De�� Medici Family The House of Medici was one of the most significant Florentine political and banking dynasties during the European Renaissance. Later it became a powerful and prominent royal house under Cosimo de’ Medici in the Republic of Florence. Originally from the Mugello region in the Tuscan countryside, the family’s power gradually rose until it was able to found the Medici Bank in 1397. It was the largest and most respected bank during its time, and eventually made the House of Medici the wealthiest family in Europe (Jurdjevig 1). The Medici family also had an impact in the history of the Catholic Church with four Popes from the Medici heritage.
Valentinian II- Gratian’s brother- maintained his rule over Italy, Pannonia, Hispania and Africa. In the last paragraph on page 198 of the Pontifex’ Ambrose makes a direct prediction in the presence of Leo; “There will be war, Leo, not just now, perhaps, but Magnus Maximus will come to Italy”. True to Ambrose’s word, in the year 387 Magnus invaded Italy. This spur of ambition led him to be defeated in the Battle of Save in 388 by the hand of Theodosius. Magnus Maximus took power right away, and no one really responded to it until he got closer and closer to Italy.
The gothic novel I read for this task is called The Castle of Otranto, written by Horace Walpole. Horace grew up wealthy along with his 4 siblings due to their father Robert Walpole, being the ﬁrst prime minister of Great Britain. The Castle of Otronto is generally regarded as the ﬁrst gothic novel. Horace died the year 1797 at the age of 80. Time Period The novel was originally published the year 1764 and in the tale is set in Italy during the 12th century.
The painting was started in 1472 and took an entire 3 years to complete. The new technique used in Baptism of Christ by da Vinci is characteristic of a category known as the High Renaissance style, a style that was newly developing in Florence at this time. Da Vinci later became famous for this style, and this fame may not have been brought about if it wasn’t for his participation in Baptism of Christ. Andrea del Verrocchio was an Italian sculptor and painter who worked at the court of Lorenzo de' Medici in Florence. Verrocchio was born to Michele di Francesco Cioni in Florence in 1435 and died in 1488 in Venice.
Research Report on Raphael Santi Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino or “Raphael Santi” was a very talented Italian artist whose work was the best depiction of the ethereal harmony and balance of High Renaissance composition. He was born April 6, 1483, in Urbino, Italy and died on April 6, 1520 in Rome at the exact age of 37 from mysterious causes. During his childhood his father, Giovanni Santi, taught Raphael the elements of art. After his father died in 1494, Raphael kept up his workshop for six years before being invited into the workshop of Perugino to further pursue art. His teacher’s inspiration is evident in many of his early works such as The Crucifixion.
The Prince was dedicated Lorenzo da Medici and his family after they retook their previous reign, having lost it after being ruling for 60 years. This manuscript, The Prince, was a desperately call for Machiavelli who intended to use it to get into political affairs once he was part of, with the previous leadership Pope Alexander and his son Cesare Borgia, and then exile of any military or political matters. The book deals with the aspects of human life in a profound manner rather shockingly against the morals that make men virtues. This manuscript was not intended for the press. “Wishing now myself to offer to your magnificence some proof of my devotion, I have found nothing amongst all I possess that I hold more dear or esteem more highly than the knowledge of the actions of great men, which I have acquired by long experience of modern affairs, and a continued study of ancient history […] I send this to your Magnificence.
The first appearance of karma happens here in this part of the play. Prospero is the older brother of Antonio; while he was the Duke of Milan, Antonio deeply took to studying literature. He then teamed with Alonso to banish his older brother from Milan and take over. He then abandoned Prospero and the three year old Miranda to sea, where