The Maya Civilization and Astronomy

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The Maya Civilization and Astronomy The Maya civilization is characterized of being one of the biggest and wisest civilizations of history, who were known of having the only known fully developed written language of pre-Columbian America, and the most advanced Mathematicians and Astronomers. They were mostly characterized for being extraordinary good astronomers who were experts on making observations and recording the motion of the Sun, the Moon, and the stars. Maya’s primary interests were Zenial Passages, when the Sun crossed over Maya latitudes. They were based on an annual basis where the sun travels to its summer solstice at latitude of 23-1/3 degrees north. Since most of the Maya cities were located south, they were able to observe the sun directly overhead while the sun was passing over their latitude. Even though the Mayas did not have the technology that we use in our now a day living, they were able to get most of the measurements that we do. These wonderful astronomers were able to made measurements with impressible precision using their own observations made with the naked eye, and measurements with cast shadowing and other rudimentary devices. The most important measurements and observations they made were based on planetary motions and the location of either the Sun or the stars, such as Venus, the Sun, The Moon, the ecliptic and the Milky Way. Venus, the brightest thing in the sky after the Sun and the Moon, was one of the most important objects of measurements for the Maya civilization. The Maya used Venus for observations during day time. In Fact, Mayas used to time their wars based on stationary points of either Venus or Jupiter. They even used humans as sacrifice when Venus was at its dimmest magnitude after Superior Conjunction ( when an inferior planet is on the opposite side of the sun), and it got even worst

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