The Matthew Effect In George Gladwell's 'Outliers'
3018 Words13 Pages
February 9, 2013
HD 2004 – Book Assignment 1
“Outliers are those who have been given opportunities and who have had the strength and presence of mind to seize them” (Gladwell 267).
Chapter 1: The Matthew Effect
In the first chapter of Outliers, Gladwell explained The Matthew Effect. The theory comes from a biblical verse that says “For unto everyone that hath shall be given, and he shall have abundance. But from him that hath not shall be taken away even that which he hath” that was named by Robert K. Merton, a sociologist. The phenomenon states that “the rich get richer and the poor get poorer” which is also called accumulative advantage. Gladwell gives the examples of hockey players. He found that within hockey leagues, children born on January 1 are on the same league as those born…show more content… Marita comes from a low socioeconomic class. Gladwell informs us that children who come from a lower socioeconomic class do not have the same opportunities as those in upper or middle class families. A program named Knowledge is Power Program, or KIPP, gives students the opportunity to attend an intensive school. In order to be accepted, a student must be willing to put the time and the effort into the program. Marita was accepted to the program and had the schedule of an undergraduate college student. Her life revolved around school and homework. She lost most of her friends and devoted the majority of her time to the school to improve her education. While this may sound like a lot for a middle school student, the opportunities are endless. Because of this program, Marita would have the opportunity to attend college whereas before she would not. Because she would attend college, she would have a better career in the future. Marita sees the light at the end of the tunnel. She is seizing the rewards. She knows that she wants to make a better future for