The Matter Of Affirmative Action Arguments For And Essay

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Abstract This paper explores the arguments for and against affirmative action as asked in midterm question 1. “1. Republican Kentucky Senatorial candidate Rand Paul made waves this year for his stand on the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Indeed, he has refused to say that he would have voted for the legislation had he been in the Congress when it was introduced. This debate is a good example of the principle that rights often conflict. As an extension of this debate, take a look at the matter of affirmative action. Discuss the arguments for and against affirmative action. Show how the Supreme Court decisions in the use of racial quotas have impacted public policy and explain the rationale behind the Court’s behavior.” The Matter of Affirmative Action Arguments For and Against Affirmative Action President Kennedy issued Executive Order No. 10925 in 1961 which established the concept of affirmative action by mandating that projects financed with federal funds "take affirmative action" to ensure that the hiring and employment practices are free of racial bias, this was to help address the persisting inequalities for African Americans in the 1960s before the Civil Rights Act of 1964. These measures are intended to prevent discrimination against employees or applicants for employment, on the basis of color, religion, sex, or national origin which would become protected under The Civil Rights Act of 1964 but some policies adopted as affirmative action, such as racial quotas or gender quotas for collegiate admission and employment. Racial and gender quotas where set in play by the Johnson administration in 1965, by issuing U.S Executive order 11246, later amended by Executive order 11375. The order specifically requires certain organizations accepting federal funds to take affirmative action to increase employment of members of preferred racial or ethnic groups and

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