The so-called metaphoric content is none other than a reflection of the author's inner psyche in which the neurotic author uses literature as a form of sublimation (Freud, 150). As Dr. Mary Klages writes in her essay Psychoanalysis and Sigmund Freud, "…psychoanalysis asks us to pay a lot of attention to LANGUAGE, in puns, slips of the tongue…etc. This suggests how psychoanalysis is directly related to literary criticism since both kinds of analysis focus on close readings of language" (2). Hence, literature is none other than a reflection of the author's dreams (Fish, 2). And dreams, according to Sigmund Freud in The Interpretation of Dreams, are merely a reflection of a person's sub consciousness (9-12).
Forth, they make large-scale applications of psychoanalytic concepts to literary history in general. Fifth, they identify a “psychic” context for the literary work, at the expense of social or historical context, privileging the individual “psycho-drama” above the “social drama” of class conflict. The conflict between generations or siblings or between competing desires within the same individual looms much larger than conflict between social classes, for instance. (Barry, 2002:105)Through a psychoanalytic study in Kafka’s classic, we hope to seek an explanation and justification for the events, and behaviors, by searching for causes in terms of the mental states of the author as well as the characters in the story. posted by Gioia at 8:19 PM Exploring Gregor's Transformation Using Sweeney's Essay Below is a free essay on "Exploring Gregor's Transformation Using Sweeney's" from Anti Essays, your source for free research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
The unconscious mind is when you are doing or thinking something without being alert or aware that you are doing it. Along the idea of the unconscious mind Freud also developed the concept of the ‘ID’, the ‘Ego’ and the ‘Superego’. The id is described as an impulsive, selfish side to our personality which is ruled by a pleasure principle, the superego is the moral part of our personality which recognises right from wrong; and our ego is the part of our mind which tries to rationalise and arbitrate both sides of our thoughts. Freud believed that there were two main causes of abnormality in general. One of these was childhood traumas and the idea that a bad memory from our childhood is so traumatic that it buries itself in our subconscious.
Othello How is Othello (the play) a psychological play? -Make reference to some key moments The play Othello by William Shakespeare is a play primarily concerning the morals and transitions of the psychological wellbeing of the characters. The overall plot correlates Othello’s psychological shift, each act gradually descending to a mentally deranged psychopathic state. Shakespeare portrays these ideas through the wide use of animalistic imagery, hyperbole and metaphors to reinstate psychological ideas throughout the play. One of the main themes in the play Othello is manipulation.
Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein can easily be interpreted through the lens of Freud’s theories of Psychoanalysis, albeit the obvious psychological implications evident in Shelley’s novel. Shelley’s work can be viewed as a commentary on the internal struggle of the psyche (between the Id, Ego, and superego)—but also the greater struggle and tension between the psyche and the greater Society (Civilization). Both Frankenstein and his monster highlight Freud’s theories of the “Pleasure Principle”, Taboo/Incest, Society vs. the Ego (Self), Phallic symbolism, Childhood and the Oedipus Complex, and repression. In the beginning of Frankenstein’s narration, he tells the story of his father who becomes like a “Protecting spirit to the poor child, who committed herself to his care”. This can be viewed as a incestuous relationship, because Frankenstein first takes in young Caroline into his care as a father figure but soon “after the interment of his friend he conducted her to Geneva, and placed her under the protection of a relation.
Essay Title “Evaluate the extent to which Freud’s theory of psychosexual development can help us to understand a client’s presenting issue” 2536 Words Georgia Cooke This assignment will answer the statement “Evaluate the extent to which Freud’s theory of psychosexual development can help us to understand a client’s presenting issue”. I will begin by detailing Freud’s psychosexual theory and show its proposed relationship to adult neurotic behaviour. Some of the criticisms and weaknesses of the Freudian theory will then be discussed, followed by a brief description of alternative theory to Freud’s. I will then touch upon its relevance in the twenty first century. To conclude I will clarify the key points made within the essay and detail what I have learnt.
Dissecting the Subconscious of the Irrational Teenager The short story “A&P” by John Updike can be thoroughly dissected through the psychoanalytical approach. This approach is based on an understanding of human disposition. It can further be broken down into Sigmund Freud’s three fundamental aspects of the human psyche, in which most processes formulate from the unconscious mind, all human behaviour is driven by sexuality and many ambitions and recollections are internally contained due to social taboos associated with sexual impulses. “A&P” by John Updike is about a young man named Sammy, who to secondary characters spontaneously quits his job. However, under the psychoanalytical lens, the reader is able to truly understand the main character’s motivation to quit through his inner desires about the three bikini-clad girls, and interactions and thoughts on Stokesie and Mr. Lengel.
The two key psychological theories of dreams are Freud’s psychoanalytic approach, and Cartwright’s problem-solving theory. Freud’s psychoanalytic approach suggests that dreams are ‘primary process thoughts’. He proposed that personality is made up of the id, the ego and the superego. The id is associated with irrational, instinct-driven, unconscious thoughts: primary process thoughts. Freud said that these thoughts are unacceptable to the adult conscious mind so they are relegated to dreams (Freud called this repression) where we can act out our wishes.
The use of psychoanalytical perspective in order to analyze a literary work enables the reader to examine what motivates the characters. Why they are the way they are and why they do the things they do. In William Shakespeare’s Othello, Iago’s actions are fueled by his hatred of Othello and his resentment of Cassio. Iago is portrayed as the ultimate villain. Iago is furious at Othello for appointing Cassio to the position of personal lieutenant instead of Iago himself.
Specifically, Wilde's problem with aestheticism is that, following Pater, the self cultivates and expresses itself through both physical and intellectual experiences, and that gives rise to the danger that either the physical or intellectual experience will be valued at the expense of the other. Aestheticism allows individuals to transcend the Philistinism within their own culture, but it also narrows the cultural experiences open to them. In particular, aestheticism runs the risk of robbing sexual desire of its power by attempting to transform all walks of experience into contemplative acts. Salome in fact extends this critique of aestheticism. Like Dorian, Salome is trapped in her persona--an aestheticized image of herself that she projects to the public--as an object of desire.