Social capital is the amount of connectedness a person has with groups of peers. One child that Lareau followed and studied belonged to a middle class family in a suburban neighborhood. Sally Marshall has a mother who intervenes in her life constantly and has a schedule which she makes sure Sally follows. She wants to place her daughter on a path which will take her to economic success in her adult years. Education is an important factor in gaining a job that can provide her with monetary wealth.
Human trafficking affects over 161 countries worldwide. Over 20 million men, women and children are trafficked for sex or labor around the world. Traffickers move their victims within their own countries and across international borders if it represents a profitable gain. Victims of sexual trafficking are usually people found in extreme circumstances such as homelessness, runaways, refugees, tourists, kidnap victims and drug addicts. Traffickers also referred to as pimps, exploit the most vulnerable while promising lucrative gain for the victims such as marriage, education, work, money or an overall better quality of life.
The victims of trafficking are usually from developing countries and are being trafficked to developed countries. This paper will look at the relationship between child trafficking and the capitalist society, linking it to some sociologists’ theories. 1. Human trafficking and human smuggling, a definition. Trafficking and smuggling have different meanings, but people often confused these two terms.
By examining human trafficking through a distinctive context, it will explain a deeper understanding of human trafficking and offer a prescription for reducing the adverse effects and the efforts to combat human trafficking and the individuals that now suffer such abuses. Human trafficking is an illegal form of modern day slavery. Human beings are not property and they are unfortunately being used for forced labor and prostitution. According to the article, Sex Trafficking of Women and Children in the United States, there is a large amount of victims taken into this life of crime. An estimated 12 million people worldwide are in forced labor, debt bondage, forced child labor, or sexual servitude.
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study In recent times, human trafficking has emerged as a social and global problem confronting many countries of which Ghana is included. This problem has historical similarities with the movement of people as commodities during the colonial slave trade where many Africans were transported to Europe and the Americas to work as forced and cheap labours on their farms, industries and homes. Currently, it has become an issue of concern in the world, because it brings to disrepute the dignity of the human race as underscored by Obi (2008), and the rights of the affected people. Women and children are the two most vulnerable groups often affected by this global phenomenon. Most countries in Africa and Asia are noted as the sending and receiving countries of trafficked persons whilst most European and American countries are identified as the receiving ends of this trade in humans.
Customs officers are expected to do their job and put a stop to the drug trafficking but the temptation of making some extra money may be extremely strong. Money is the root of all evil and a lot of people are very selfish. For an example, they know the effects drugs have on a society as a whole but if the price is high enough, they may turn their head and allow the drugs to be brought in. Not only is this wrong, it is damaging to everyone. “It is believed that the loss of the drug trafficking industry in Mexico would cause that country’s economy to shrink by over 63 percent” (DrugAbuse.net, (2012), para.
Trafficking in persons generates about 32 billion dollars a year. According the the United Nations Human Rights Council, human trafficking not only puts victims in great danger, but it also embodies many facets of human rights abuses (9). Due to a weak surveillance of borders, neighboring countries often serve as destinations for trafficked women and children .Victims of trafficking are frequently lured away by fraud – promise of a better life, often in a different country. They are then controlled physically, emotionally and financially. Escape is difficult for the victims of trafficking because victims are “invisible”.
We are living in a world where one person has an absolute power over another. The groundless trade of human beings in today’s world shows a deteriorated state of affairs which confirms that the greatest moral challenge facing the globe today is human trafficking. It refers to illegal sale or trade of people for sexual abuse or forced labor through coercion or abducting people. Our world is facing from many obstacles created by natural and manmade disasters which further results in problems in every country’s economy and social welfare of every person is jeopardized and one of the problems faced by majority of the nations of this world due to economic downfall is human trafficking. It is one of the most atrocious human rights infringements commonly
Men are also victimized into emigrating and selling their labor force. Young African women and children are being sent to Europe and the Middle East for commercial sex exploitation. It’s unfortunately a very common method of taking victims from their homeland to a place that they know nothing about, making them now even more isolated and lost. They are often misled by false promises of steady employment as “housemaids, shopkeepers, seamstresses, nannies or hotel service positions and attendants in the major European countries and are eventually forced into prostitution on getting to the destination” (Africa Files – Ade Adenekan). These unfortunate victims have their passports and other documents that would otherwise allow them to travel are taken once they arrive in their destination area so they have no chance of getting on the next plane, boat, or car to get back home.
Causes and effects of human trafficking Causes and effects of human trafficking, no doubt, can be quite devastating to the socio-economic developing of any country where the nefarious scourge rages and that is more rampant in the poor nations of Africa, Asia and Latin America. Which way one looks at it, apparently traffic or young African women and children to Europe and the Middle East for commercial sexual exploitation is a very great phenomenon. They are often lured by promises of steady employment as shopkeepers, housemaids, seamstress, nannies or hotel service positions and attendants in the major European countries and are eventually forced into prostitution on getting to the destination. Many of these unfortunate victims of human trafficking in most of the cases may not be aware that they will be forced into commercial sex trade or their travel documents particularly passports will be seized or that would have to pay a very huge debt if they eventually renege have to pay and subject to brutal beatings and serious bodily harm if the income they bring to the their captives is inadequate. The very highly sensitive diabolical network, mostly dominated by the Nigerian organized crime kingpins have also extended their nefarious operations into Benin Republic, Togo, Guinea, Mali, and presently to most of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) countries.