The Lost City Livas

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A case of mistaken identity of a place called Tall er-Rameh (=TeR), now evidence shows Ramah is the lost city of Livias and is no longer lost. To begin with, new evidence has turned up facts of Livias’s existence at Tall el-Hammam (=TeH) near the Dead Sea; which is said to be the lowest spot on the face of the earth it is about 1300 feet below sea level. First, there are two tectonic plates, the Arabian and the African tectonic plates; which rub and shift. Both have made a huge scar on earth, which goes from Africa to Lebanon. This is called the rift of the valley, sixty-five miles to the North of the Jordon River in the oldest city in the world, Jerusalem. Here are some supporting facts, which are not in dispute. 1) TeR and its immediate surroundings is not large enough to be the leading city of Perea, but TeH and its immediate surroundings fits the size of a Roman city named after the emperor’s wife. 2) TeR has no monumental ER/Byz structures, no water system infrastructure, and no military fortifications. TeH has all of the above. 3) TeR has no springs (hot or cold), yet every historical account (i.e. Eusebius) and pilgrim diary is clear that the springs and baths are why the city was a major stop on the pilgrimage route. TeH has four springs (hot & cold) and the name Hammam actually means hot spring. We may have actually uncovered the bathhouse, a massive 35 X 40 meter structure. 4) Ancient writers associated Livias with Abel Shittim (Joshua 2.1 & 3.1 and Numbers 25.1) and the consensus of modern scholars is that Abel-Shittim was located at TeH. See the article in the Zondervan Archaeological Study Bible. 5) The distances given by ancient writers and Roman milestones from Mt. Nebo to Livias, Heshbon to Livias, and Jericho to Livias better fit TeH than TeR. So without question, Livias, was located at and near TeH. If TeR was a

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