The Long March Essay

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The Long March China during the 1930s was an unstable country, where people strived for a revolution and civil war was common. There was a major fight between two parties, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), led by Mao Zedong and the Kuomintang (KMT), led by Chiang Kai-Shek. The warlords also strived for power but, “Chiang’s troops diminished or destroyed warlord autonomy in the provinces they traversed” [Dreyer]. Both parties wanted control over China, despite that, both parties had completely different ideas towards achieving that. Chiang Kai-Shek employed a capitalist method, with Western/American influence. Mao Zedong and the CCP, wanted to start a peasant revolution with a communistic approach. There was rivalry between both parties but the Communists were forced to flee to the countryside after the KMT attacked CCP members. The Communists employed guerilla war tactics and fought off the KMT’s first 4 encirclements. But when the 5th encirclement, consisting of 700,000 men, broke through, they killed hundreds of thousands of peasants []. As a result, Mao Zedong was removed as chairman of the Communist Central Committee. The Committee employed conventional war tactics and the Red Army of 86,000 men left Jiangxi Province [China Daily]. The line of marchers stretched over 50 miles and they moved at night to avoid an attack from the enemy. October 14th 1934 the Communists started the longest journey of their lives, the Long March. From November 25th until December 3rd the CCP fought their first battle at the Xiangi River. It took weeks for the army to break through the natural barriers and the air raids deployed by the KMT. They had lost over 50,000 men and were forced to dump most of their equipment in the river as it slowed them down [China Daily]. Li De, whose Russian name was Otto Braun, was the leader of the Red Army at the time, and he was losing
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