The Life-Span Perspective of Development Essay

951 WordsMay 21, 20134 Pages
The Life-Span Perspective of Development Kimberlynn Silva PSY375 April 22, 2013 Dr. Judith Suggs The Life-Span Perspective of Development The life-span perspective of development, according to Berger (2011), “views human development as (1) multidirectional, (2) multicontextual, (3) multicultural, (4) multidisciplinary, and (5) plastic” (p. 10). While each of these categories is separate, they are all important to the development of the human person in the span of life. Multidirectional development shows the ways in which the human person changes, and the rate at which those changes occur. The traditional belief has been that change advances continuously until about 18 and then levels out until approximately 50, at which time the changes begin again (Berger, 2011). Some of the major theorists, such as Freud, Erikson, and Piaget theorize that these changes occur in age-related stages; while others, such as Skinner and Maslow do not (Berger, 2011). According to Berger (2011) gains and losses not only occur together, but they lead one to another. An example of this is a mother who ends up divorced and has no job skills or college education can either end up on public assistance and remain there as a result of depression and feeling as though she has no other options; or, she can end up determined to rise above the situation and go to college to make herself marketable. There are many contexts within which development can and does occur. There are physical surroundings, such as climate, noise, population, density, etc.), and family groups. There are nested levels that affect each person. Of those levels there are microsystems which include elements of their immediate surroundings, such as their family, friends, school, and religious classes or instruction (Berger, 2011). Within exosystems are local institutions, with include school systems, religious

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