Although libertarians do not advocate the abolition of the state they insist that the state restricts individual’s freedom and therefore its functions should be minimalized. Another Liberationist argument is that free market economics should be used as the state should not interfere with economic or social affairs. Furthermore Libertarians believe that, on every issue, you have the right to decide for yourself what's best for you and to act on that belief so long as you respect the right of other people to do the same and deal with them peacefully and honestly. Robert Nozick, an American Philosopher argued that the state should not provide welfare or taxation as he believed it is fundamentally a form of slavery. His view was that the state forcing taxpayers to give up a proportion of their income, which are effectively the state forcing taxpayers to work for the state without pay.
But defenders of the social contract idea seem to think that present government depends on a contract among the people. Hume doesn’t explicitly do this, but we can distinguish two different ways of understanding this idea: i) as a nonnormative thesis of political sociology, and ii) as a normative thesis of political philosophy. According to i), just as it is a fact of political sociology that people tend to get very angry whenever they believe that their rights have been violated, it is also a fact that people believe (rightly or wrongly) that the duty to obey government derives from consent. Hume’s reply is that this is not a fact at all; it is demonstrably false. “…We find everywhere princes who claim their subjects as their property and assert their independent right of sovereignty, from conquest or succession.
In his eyes the people should support only what they want to support, nothing more or less. Thoreau quotes “ It has not the vitality and force of a single living man; for a single man can bend its to his will.” If men in power want war, they will get war. Some say that Thoreau is an anarchist, because of his reference to a government that is best which governs not at all. That is not the case because he makes several references throughout his esssay that he does not wish to abolish government, he just wishes a better one. Here, a quote from Carl L. Bankston the third from “Thoreau's Case for Political Disengagement”, states “Nevertheless , while he would like to see government governing less, he does not carry this to the end of abolishing government.” Thoreau says that slavery and
Furthermore, traditional conservatives support free markets but take a pragmatic view of economic management, believing that there are sometimes where state intervention is need. Compared to the right new where they completely oppose state intervention. Also traditional conservatives supported the welfare state compared
It is often considered that the Democratic party is more for the people and the Republican party is for the wealthy and those able to provide for themselves through free enterprise. Based upon economics, the Republican party feels as though the United States has established its dominance and greatness through free enterprise. They believe that innovation and economic growth has come from it. The Democratic party views the economy as too complicated for the everyday person hence why they feel the government should aid in all business decisions through the establishment of labor unions. The main contrast here is that
Classical liberalism has been defined by the desire to minimize government interference in the lives of its citizens, egoistical individualism, negative freedom and a self-regulating free market. Whereas modern liberalism is closely linked to the welfare state, developmental individualism, positive freedom and the government intervention in an economy. Because of different views of classical and modern liberalism, it is controversial to argue that modern liberalism a form of liberalism. However, some may argue that modern liberalism was built on the earliest liberal ideas and, therefore, should be considered as a branch of liberalism. Classical liberal view human beings as rationally self interested creatures, who have a capacity for self-reliance.
Out of the ideologies that I compared and contrasted I would have to say that I agree more with Liberalism because of the belief that the most important goals should be individual liberty and equality. I think it is extremely important to set limits and obey boundaries but I also believe that we can and we should achieve that without violating people’s individual rights. Liberalism goes against anarchism in a sense that anarchism believes that there should be no government at all. In the United States, "liberalism" is most often used in the sense of social liberalism, which supports some regulation of business and other economic interventionism which they believe to be in the public interest. Liberalism suggests that government should intervene to “help” but never to “curb freedom.” Liberalism also says that ordinary men and women are entitled to satisfactory lives, but that individual liberties, including the right to prosper from ones efforts, should not be curtailed.
He notes, for example, that hard libertarians are not insensitive to the importance of consequences. And he explains libertarian anarchist views clearly and sympathetically, noting anarchism's moral and political attractions and responding helpfully to common objections to anarchism. (His own view seems to be that whether anarchism is finally defensible is an open question, with the answer depending mostly on the likely consequences, but with statists bearing the burden of proof, so that if anarchism is viable, support for the state is
Similarly, if the government does not fulfill the needs of the people, it should be dissolved and replaced with other form of government which people think is the best. Locke’s treatment of property is known as one of the most important contributions in political thought, but it is also one of the aspects of his thought that has been most heavily criticized. Locke defines political power as the right to make laws for the protection and regulation of property, in his view these laws only work because the people accept them and because they are for the public good. Locke claimed that the earth itself can be considered as a property of all the people in the world to use for their survival and benefit by natural reasons. However, Locke also critically claimed about individual property, he says that in order to existence for individual property there must be a way for individuals to take possession of the things around them.