However now, in such drastic times, the federal government realized that it needed to help the common people directly through providing more Jobs. Roosevelt and the federal government also established social security. Social security, established in 1935 when Roosevelt endorsed the Social Security Act, was insurance for the unemployed and elderly, supplying them with a monthly payment. This was put into place by the government and advertised similarly to Document E to help stabilize the welfare of the American people. At the enactment of social security was considered a very extreme move
“How far was concern over Booth and Rowntree’s findings the real reason for the Liberal reforms between 1906 and 1914?” By the early twentieth century the Liberal Government was concerned that Britain was losing her status as a major industrial and military power. The reports of Booth and Rowntree found that 1/3 of the British population lived in poverty. It suggested that this was a main factor effecting employment, education, disease, life expectancy and more. This could be argued to be the main reason that evoked a sense of urgency for change from the people and the liberal Government. However, other reasons also played a part.
Welfare and Social Policy 1 Discuss the reasons for the increase in social legislations in the 1830s and 1840s. According to Midwinter (1994) Britain changed profoundly in the nineteenth-century, witnessing adverse effects politically, economically and socially. With Classical liberal ideologies being the order of the day the country was very much under the influence of laissez-faire principles, extolled by the economic writer Adam Smith (1723-93). During this time Britain became powerful gradually moving from a rural feudal system to a nation of industrialisation simultaneously experiencing great poverty in areas as a result of urbanisation and industrialisation. The period also witnessed a change in the ways of thinking about politics, the economy and society.
The Liberals reformed because of necessity. Some historians think the liberal reforms were out of self interest. The working classes votes were very important to the liberals. That was granted in 1867 and 1883. In 1906 there was a new party called the Labour party.
Two pieces of legislation were passed in 1884/1885. Who benefitted from the acts and how? In 1884 Gladstone decided to introduce the great reform act, he was a Prime Minister at that time, and his main opponent was Salisbury, leader of the conservatives. William Gladstone believed that his Liberal party would benefit from the act, as it would extend the vote to the counties – farmers and miners. Immediately we can see he his motives of trying to introduce The Great Reform Act as great number of Liberal voters consisted of working class (famers and miners).
Source 4 is suggesting that since the Attlee government had come into power sorted out many problems in Britain. Whereas source 5 is showing that the methods the Attlee government used were not very effective. Finally Source 6 reveals that the Attlee government had done a lot to help the citizens. From source 4 it shows that the Attlee Government was remarkable as it states “our children are growing up in a land of opportunity”. This reveals that because of the Attlee Government, children are living much better lives and an education.
After it’s establishment in 1900, the fledgling party acted as a pressure group on the Liberal government’s 1906 to 1914, and were instrumental in, for example, The Trades Dispute Act of 1906 and for pushing the governments further than they otherwise would have gone in terms of social reform. The impact of World War One on the Labour Party is significant as to how they managed to form a coalition government with the Liberals in 1924. The Labour Party was a new party formed in 1900 that had no previous experience of working in government. At the beginning of the war they were split between the pacifist views of MacDonald and the pro-war faction views of Henderson. By 1915-1916 the majority of the Labour Party supported the war and Henderson.
The standard of education varied a lot depending on the schools. Up to 1870 the church schooled was the main institution providing a basic education for both working class boys and girls. These schools received grants from the government which shows that the government clearly thought that they were important enough to spend so tax payers money on. Education was not compulsory or free which meant that children from poor families lost out and partially girls lost out. In this time period the older girls in the family would stay at home and look after the younger children.
Even to this day the Health of citizens remains in private hands. Unfortunately for progressives the cultural paradigm change they helped initiate created a paradox; at the same time as increasing living standards and industrial diversification, the natural rights of citizens were corroded to make way for one of the largest expansions of government in US history. With the creation of the Underwood Tariff Act in the 1900s, an illegal graduated income tax was imposed upon citizens by the federal government. After the US entered the First World War the cultural traits of nationalism expanded with the Sedition and Espionage Acts which limited citizens’ rights further in the name of the United States. Under President Woodrow Wilson, a period of “Peace Progressivism” spread.
The second Boer war brought about a series of reforms in Britain as an attempt to modernise and improve on past failures involved in Britain. These reforms include, what some argue to be the most important outcome of the Boer war – welfare reforms. This reform is understandably a very significant outcome as it brought in compulsory medical inspections which effectively increased the life expectancy of the population in the long run, pensions were brought in for over 70’s and there was greater attention given to children and their health, thinking for the future. Alongside welfare reforms, there are further reforms in the army, differing views and opinions on the British Empire and various political changes. The outcomes of these are considered a significant part of British history and play a key role in future events such as world war 1.