The Legal System Essay

596 WordsMay 7, 20133 Pages
Running head: The Legal System 1 Unit 2 Alternate Seminar By Analie Valley 04/26/2013 The Legal System 2 The four major theoretical perspectives on crime are as follow: Sociological, Biological, Psychological, and Social-Psychological. Each will be given a definition of all. Sociological theories have several types of sociological theories on crime and deviance but these are the four well known. Anomie theory which refers to the confusion that arises when social norms conflict or don't even exist; Control theory states that both inner and outer controls work against deviant tendencies; Labeling theory concerns the meanings people derive from one another's labels, symbols, actions, and reactions and this theory holds that behaviors are deviant only when society labels them as deviant and the Differential association theory that states that the environment plays a major role in deciding which norms people learn to violate, it address the issue of how people learn deviance, where people within a particular reference group provide norms of conformity and deviance thus heavily influence the way other people look at the world. Biological theory on crime Deviant behavior is any behavior that is contrary to the dominant norms of society. There are many different theories on what causes a person to perform deviant behavior, including biological explanations, psychological explanations, and sociological explanations. Following are some of the major biological explanations for deviant behavior. Biological theories of deviance see crime and deviant behavior as a form of illness caused by pathological factors that are specific to certain types of individuals. They assume that some people are "born criminals" who are biologically different than non-criminals. The underlying logic is that these individuals have a mental and physical

More about The Legal System Essay

Open Document