Hypertension, if left untreated can cause long-term damage to the cardiovascular system, the renal system and the eyes. It can also be a significant risk factor for myocardial infarction, cardiovascular accident, renal failure and loss of sight. “The number of people with hypertension continues to rise in the UK and worldwide, placing enormous social, economical and health burden on the sufferers, their dependants and statutory health care providers” (Chummun 2011). As a nurse, detecting hypertension and appropriate management can improve a patient’s life. Hypertension can be treated and controlled through lifestyle changes and/or medication, thus reducing the risk factors.
Hypochondriasis: An evaluation of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and its effectiveness Hypochondriasis also known as Health Anxiety is a recurring conundrum in primary and secondary medical care which has a considerable burden on health facilities. A mole equals skin cancer, a headache equals a tumour, the course of thought a hypochondriac goes through. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-IV (DSM-IV), hypochondriasis is an unrealistic explanation of bodily feelings as irregular leading to anxiety and the conviction that one has a serious disease. According to the Self Care Campaign Group £2 billion is what hypochondriasis is costing the NHS every year and a fifth of GP appointments are accountable for common treatable ailments (Martin, D., Newspaper, 2010). Hypochondriasis is so overwhelming that it causes problems with work or relationships in one’s life and if it is severe it can be completely disabling.
Other frequently encountered challenges include phantom-limb pain; pain within the residual limb; additional pain symptoms affecting the neck, shoulders, back, and sound-side limb; overuse syndromes; elevated anxiety rates and depression; and a compromised quality of life. The thought of losing an anatomical part, is devastating to most people. When it happens, amputation causes a threefold loss in terms of function, sensation and body image. The amputee is no different than any other human being that is confronted with a crisis situation, in that he must adapt rather than succumb to the handicapping condition. Difficulties encountered are often due to misperceptions of what life for an individual labelled "amputee" is actually like, and consequently, great problems in rehabilitation result.
A wound is a disorder in the normal anatomical structure and function of living tissue which may be caused by physical, chemical, microbiological or immunological injury. Globally wounds also represent a significant burden on the patients and health care professionals or givers. Wound infection is also significant in that they are the most common nosocomial infection (Orrett, 2002) . Infection of the wound is the successful invasion, and proliferation by one or more organisms anywhere within the body’s sterile tissues and sometimes accompanied with pus formation (Calvin, 1998).Wound infection may result to prolong hospital stay, delay wound healing, increases cost of health care and morbidity in surgical patients (Orrett, 2002).. Wound infection with multiple organisms may even result to multiple organ failure or death of the patient when it becomes chronic.
With fast, appropriate medical care, survival is possible. Administering Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) — or even just compressions to the chest — can improve the chances of survival until emergency personnel arrive. Sudden cardiac arrest symptoms are immediate and drastic. The symptoms are sudden collapse, no pulse, no breathing and loss of consciousness. Sometimes other signs and symptoms precede sudden cardiac arrest.
If the surface of the plaques break or rupture, blood cells, called platelets will clump or clot at that site to try and repair the artery. The clot or clump can block the artery which can lead to heart attack. There are several risk factors associated with CAD and could possibly build up on each other and make CAD an even greater risk. First, Men have a greater risk of CAD than women, although women’s risk of getting CAD increase after they go through menopause. As you get older, your age increases the risk of narrowed and damaged arteries, which of course leads to CAD.
But for the patient who becomes critically ill during surgery, being in a facility with an ICU and extensive resources for the very sick patient can make a tremendous difference in the outcome. Here are some of the risk factor that included with cosmetic surgeries: * Poor Cosmetic Outcome: This may be the greatest fear of a plastic surgery patient: a result that not only fails to improve appearance, but actually makes one's appearance worse than before the surgery. * Scarring: One of the greatest risks to achieving an attractive outcome, scarring is not always predictable, but can be controlled in most cases. (Lickstein, 2013) Patients can decrease the risk of scarring by not smoking and following
During an attack, the blood vessels in the brain dilate and then draw together with stimulation of nerve endings near the affected blood vessels (Worden, 1998-2011). These changes to the blood vessels are probably what cause the pain. But migraine is still a condition that is poorly understood (Worden, 1998-2011). Causes Many times we don’t realize that certain things that we eat and do can affect our health. Sometimes the light and smells could have an effect on this disorder but the reasons why are still not known.
Characteristics of Successful Programs Addiction is a complex but treatable disease that affects brain function and behavior. Drugs of abuse alter the brain’s structure and function, resulting in changes that persist long after drug use has ceased. This may explain why drug abusers are at risk for relapse even after long periods of abstinence and despite the potentially devastating consequences. No single treatment is appropriate for everyone. Treatment varies depending on the type of drug and the characteristics of the patients.
(2) Overcrowding in ED treatment areas threatens public health by compromising patient safety and jeopardising the reliability of the entire US emergency care system. (3) Although the causes of ED overcrowding are complex, the main cause is inadequate inpatient capacity for a patient population with an increasing severity of illness. (4) Potential solutions for ED overcrowding will require multidisciplinary system-wide support. Solution - Boarding Patients – isits to hospital emergency departments (EDs) have increased greatly in recent years, contributing to crowded conditions and ambulance diversions.1 Contrary to the popular belief that uninsured people are