This larger category of nations, so named for the language they speak, are called Athabaskan people. Beneath the Dene umbrella are nations of Dogrib, Chipewyan, south and north Slavey, and Gwich’in of northern Canada; and the Navajo of the South Western United States (Ryan, 1). The Word Dene literally means “people”, and the area they have always occupied in the Northwest Territories, Denendeh, was appropriately named to mean “land of the people” (“Welcome to the Dene Nation”, 2012) It is diﬃcult to speak of one aspect of Dene culture without speaking of all others. Their history, spiritual beliefs and political values are all intertwined. The Dene have always had strong ties to each other, to animals, to the earth and to the spiritual world.
Gender relations were related to the division of labor, men hunt and women gather. (Guns, Germs, and Steel) Hunter-gatherers moved seasonally to optimize different sources of food as they become available. (Guns, Germs, and Steel) On the other hand farmers were settled in one place. Living in one spot permanently means exploiting a relatively small amount of land very intensively (rather than exploiting a large amount of land extensively, as hunter-gatherers did), and over a long period of time. Agriculture made human communities dependent on relatively few plants; the main crops which they grew rather than on the many different kinds of plants which hunter-gathers used.
Groups of foragers are called bands, usually made up of several related nuclear families. Family relationships are the basis for social organization. They are a nomadic people, moving around following the animals and plants they rely on for food. To remain egalitarian social organizations, foraging societies distribute important resources equally among their member, usually along kinship lines. Foragers often display division of labor; women gather and men hunt.
Aboriginal peoples in Canada comprises of three nationally recognized groups, the First Nations and the Inuit, who were the first Aboriginal groups in Canada, and the Metis, who emerged after the settlement of Canada. According to a census in 2006, more than one million people in Canada identify themselves as an Aboriginal person (AANDC, n.d.). Although there are historical preconceptions of aboriginal people in Canada, many indigenous people have adapted to contemporary societal principles as well as staying connected with their past heritage. First Nations people in the past have been stereotypes based upon old western films (cowboy vs. Indian) as well as the aggressive drunk, or obese and impoverished. Contemporary First Nations people challenge these stereotypes by being a present member in Canadian society.
Medieval Europeans may have been unclear of their country's boundaries, but they knew every stone, tree, road and stream of their village. Neighboring villages would parley to set boundaries that would be set out in village charters. Medieval peasants were either classified as free men or as "villeins," those who owed heavy labor service to a lord, were bound to the land, and subject to feudal dues. Village life was busy for both classes, and for women as well as men. Much of this harsh life was lived outdoors, wearing simple dress and subsisting on a meager diet.
Iroquois tribes usually made wampum’s, sashes that had patterns that would tell stories, which was entirely different from the hieroglyphics the Mayans used as written language. They shared different beliefs, but both civilizations were polytheistic, meaning they worshipped multiple gods instead of one. Mayan way of life had a complex social structure, where classes were apparent and impacted the lives of their people. The Iroquois, on the other hand, maintained a simplistic social structure: everyone was equal. Everyone shared everything, and only chiefs were regarded differently from other natives.
When we hear the word “inuit” we inevitably think of people living in igloos, fishing in a hole made in the ice and wearing fur coats. Though it’s true that the Inuit have long been living such a traditional life, essentially nomadic, in strong relation to nature, the last decades provided huge changes in the way these peoples’ lives were ruled and especially through the last major change, occurred less than ten years ago, the creation of Nunavut territory. Nunavut has become the largest and newest territory of Canada when it was separated officially from the Northwest Territories on April 1, 1999 via the Nunavut Act and the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act. It resulted in the first major change to Canada's map since the incorporation of the new province of Newfoundland and Labrador in 1949. Nunavut means 'our land' in Inuktitut, the language of the Inuit.
Or an individual born female may choose to dress as a man and fulfill the role of a warrior and hunter within the tribe. Upon studying Native American society, Euro-Americans did not understand the concept of third gender and labeled these individuals as “abnormal.” In past anthologies, people of the third gender were labeled “berdache.” In recent history, Native American’s have developed their own Euro-American vocabulary to describe someone of third gender. The word is two-spirited. The difference between the words berdache (ber- dash) and two-spirited are both clearly defined and yet muddled. Common knowledge would dictate that the words are similar in meaning and are interchangeable.
It used to be that the Man of the house would “bring home the bacon” and the women would cook, clean, and raise the children. But now a woman can choose her path in life and not be constricted by outdated social norms. But is there way more global freedom then there once was? Well I think so. Just a few centuries ago, most people retained their religious, ethnic, racial, and sexual identities for a lifetime, even if they weren’t comfortable with them.
Thirty years ago this was not an option, besides basic telephones; there was no email, online software programs, or internet. In this paper you will see the major differences in how Human Resource departments are ran today as opposed to 20-30 years ago when the internet was non-existent, as well as what is expected in the future as technology continues to advance. Human Resources have always been an important part of any organization. The HR department maintains and manages every aspect of the business as it relates to employees and working conditions. HR duties differ from one company to another but usually entail the following tasks; Administrative support/Compensation and Benefits: Basic administrative duties form the backbone of human resources functions.