Throughout this stage there appear physical & psychological changes in adolescent. And I also would like to demonstrate cognitive development according to Piaget & Erickson’s theory of social development. This different & main developments & changes sometimes run into problems like depression & suicide, criminal behaviour & eating disorders. As the result I’m going to use the first, common problem in adolescence. Now let’s talk about the history of adolescence.
Up until the 1990s, theories of childhood tended to be determined in a "top-down" approach which some have described as "imperialistic." This is true of theories about the medieval child as much as the modern child. Children themselves while the focus of theory, have not generally been considered as having a legitimate voice in influencing its production. However, the UN CONVENTIONON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD (1989) created a climate for reconsidering this tendency and a subsequent focus on listening to the views of the child and CHILDREN'S RIGHTS of expression in general. This has led some scholars to explore allowing children themselves to reflect upon their own experience of childhood, resulting in the use of inclusive research methodologies and more democratic frameworks for dissemination.
Examine the ways in which childhood can be said to be socially constructed (24 marks) A social construct is an idea or concept that has been created and defined within society. Many sociologists argue that childhood is a social construct, as it isn’t a fixed, universal idea, and differs in different areas and time periods. There are historical and cultural differences in how childhood is defined. For example, what kind of childhood a child in the UK goes through will be drastically different to the kind a child in Kenya, or that of a middle age UK person went through. One of the most notable things to examine when looking at what causes childhood to be socially constructed is the work of Phillipe Aries (1960).
Explanations of Adolescent Identity Adolescence is a transitional period between childhood and adulthood. Biologically speaking this period begins when the individual enters puberty and ends on reaching sexual maturity, where as psychological changes include social, emotional and cognitive ones with no clear beginning and end. Erikson, 1980, believed that it’s human nature to pass through a genetically determined sequence of psychosocial stages referred to as the 8 stages of man, spanning the whole lifetime. Each stage involves a crisis between two conflicting personality outcomes, one of which is positive while the other is negative. Erik Erikson believed that crises during stages of life need to be resolved before moving on to the next stage in order for healthy development.
Written by Vasiliki Emma Tatoy. ABSTRACT Recreational use, abuse and dependence affect adults as teenagers or younger. But most of these problems begin in adolescence and family has a main role in order to avoid consumption and to intervene when a problem arises. The objective of this essay is to present some of the main factors related to substance abuse on adolescence. In addition, this essay provides us with some of the effects of substance abuse during adolescence.
The goal of this essay is to bring to light the identity construction and development of both Helena and Sven through the theoretical micro, meso, and macro dimensions of discrimination and stratification entrenched throughout their youth experiences. Social stratification refers “to how individuals and groups are layered or ranked in society according to how many valued resources they have.” (Ballantine & Roberts, p.207). Various levels of stratification are embedded throughout Helena’s and Sven’s stories demonstrating how family, community, and identities remain key factors in the youth transition period. Sven and Helena develop their identity into adulthood while facing unstable social and economic times. First, it is important to explore each story in the micro-level analysis of stratification, prestige and influence.
What is “adolescence”? How is the concept of adolescence similar and/or different across cultures? Adolescence is commonly seen as a transitional stage of mental as well as physical development that occurs between childhood and adulthood .It is usually symbolized through certain rites of passage or the general acceptance of a young person going through puberty .Other usual occurrences are some form of ritual involving separation ,transition and reincorporation .Though all cultures are unique there are still key parts of adolescence that occur regardless of culture .Adolescence is generally accepted as a necessary stage in any humans upbringing ,but when adolescence ends and adulthood begins is dependant on the given cultures beliefs and laws .A period where children can test their boundaries ,develop their own individuality ,rebel against what they see as oppression and become a more mature ,acceptable part of society .This maturity and transition is usually rewarded with some form of reward and entrustment of certain tasks such as driving a car, having sexual relations or voting. One of the most important parts of adolescence no matter what culture is being studied is the taking on and acceptance of responsibility .In modern day Australian culture as we reach our 18th birthday we are expected to become more mature and responsible ,after finishing school or TAFE either attend university or get a job and become a functional member of society .We are allowed to drink Alchohol and attend certain functions such as over 18 concerts and bars .This responsibility is usually preceded by the break after the end of the HSC and beginning of Adult life known as “Schoolies” .Schoolies is usually a week long affair where HSC graduate’s leave their home and immediate family to a distant destination to get extremely drunk and party all week long ,they usually bond with a
The pinnacle point of this essay will be to explore children’s experiences of family life and show what it is like for different types of families such as lone parents and step families. In addition, this essay will look at the ideas which shape the constructs of childhood in considering what role the family play in shaping a child’s experiences. Before childhood and the family at present can be examined, it is important to recognise when childhood was discovered and began. Before the 1600’s children were seen as miniature adults, and it is only through time and change of society that childhood has been recognised as a separate stage of life and development. The Aries thesis is studied as the discovery of childhood.
Running heading: MORAL DEVELOPMENT IN ADOLESCENCE How Moral Development is Shaped in Early Childhood Through the Adolescent Stages in Life Abstract Moral development refers to the alterations in a person’s sense of justice and what an individual perceives as right and wrong and how they behave related to moral issues. An individual’s moral development is reflective of their personal environment and life experiences in formative years of childhood and adolescence. One important factor is adolescence is the foundation for adulthood, can experiences in throughout childhood and adolescences influence adult morals. Introduction Human Behavior in the Social Environment is largely what social work and human services are grounded in. As a practitioner it is vital to be aware of the stages of development throughout the human life course in order to be competent in our work.
Psychosocial theory states that we all have a variety of identities that are combined to make one coherent vision of self. In this theory our social and personal identities are linked, due to the fact that we need others to view us the same way over a period of time. Psychosocial theorists believe that adolescence is a time of psychosocial moratorium as young people will try various identities until finally committing to a clear vision of who they are. In other words the adolescent has achieved ego identity. Role diffusion is how Erikson defined the failure to achieve ego identity (Phoenix, 2007).