The Influence of Political Struggle on Popular Music

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History Essay Question #1 The rise of black militancy in America arose from a history of racial discrimination and oppression against black people by the white government. These are some of the key points: lack of affordable housing for black people, harassment of blacks by police, excessive police brutality against blacks, lack of employment opportunities, discontent with the limited goals of the civil rights movement and its advocacy of nonviolence, they also questioned the usefulness of nonviolence and no longer sought to include whites in the movement. By the late 1960s, African Americans still suffered from many disadvantages, including poverty rates that were much higher than those among whites and physical health that was much worse. Racially motivated violence persisted as well, as seen in the assassination of Martin Luther King by a white man in 1968, a significant segment of the black community felt deprived of their legal rights as citizens, frustrated by what they saw as the slow pace of racial change and ongoing racial inequality. Militant leaders like the Reverend Albert Cleague spoke of self-determination and separatism for black people, arguing that whites were incapable and or unwilling to share power. The civil rights movement was seen as a failure by young leaders in the black community. These circumstances resulted in the Black Panther movement being put together as an organization to fight this oppression of racism. They fought back with violence as a reaction to the violence brought upon their organization and other blacks. They even had the Black Panther Party which was formed in California in 1966 by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale. It was made up of a small body of black militants, who included elements of Marxism-Leninism in their revolutionary rhetoric, and became involved in shoot-outs with police in California and New York. The

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