This system will be able to better integrate and coordinate the primary health care in local communities. The Australian health system is under strain. As we have heard from the AGPN, Australia has a large amount of users in the Tertiary sector and a large percentage of these have resulted due to a lack of correct intervention and management. With a 3 tiered health system, made up of primary, secondary and tertiary levels it has been shown that consumers are experiencing disconnected and fragmented care, under not just one system but many. This lack of continuity has been shown to lead to poorer health outcomes, as a result of late intervention, focusing on illness rather than wellness and as well as being frustrating to patients and their care providers it increases costs.
Introduction This essay aims to assess the indigenous health outcomes based on the ‘Closing the Gap’ initiatives. It assesses three different health issues affecting Indigenous peoples with emphasis on on-going initiatives aimed at achieving equal health status between Australia’s populations. The essay also covers basic concepts of cultural competence and safety. It draws parallels between Australia and other foreign countries in an effort to assess to what extent recent changes in bridging the gaps have been effective: New Zealand, Canada and North America. The essay draws crucial health statistics from the Australian Bureau of Statistics and several international journals and books that have contributes significantly in bringing to the
As the diversity of the United States continues to grow, health care facilities are becoming more culturally challenged. A big component to healing is assessing cultural and spiritual needs of patients and their families, and providing a holistic approach to healing. By building awareness in meeting the needs of diverse populations, the health care facilities of America will soon understand the components that are needed to provide healing. The purpose of this paper is to examine the spiritual perspectives of healing and compare Christianity to the religious beliefs of Native Americans, Sikhs, and Baha’i’s, identify critical components needed to offer a culture of healing, and reflect on the unique roles health care providers offer as they set aside their own beliefs to meet the needs of
According to the statistics presented there are different groups who have different needs. The area that an individual lives in can also impact an individual’s health such as a person from a minority ethnic group who lives in a deprived and polluted inner-city with poor housing, is more likely going to experience poorer health. There is a higher rate of rickets in children who are from the Asian sub-continent caused by having lack of vitamin D. Most minority ethnic groups have a shorter life expectancy and they have higher infant mortality rates. Ethnic minorities tend to come from lower social class positions, therefore, can be difficult to know for sure whether it is their ethnicity that is causing poorer health or whether it is to with their social class position. To continue, ill health can also be affected by there not being enough health care services for individuals to access.
- Health System Delivery Framework - ensuring the response to mainstream health services is effective and focus on environments which the indigenous population live in. - A Competent Health Workforce - ongoing implementation of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Workforce framework, increase in education, becoming more aware of career choices and pathways. - Social and Emotional Well-being - emphasis on the social and emotional wellbeing of the indigenous population, and the delivery of mental health services. - Wider Strategies that Impact on Health - priority actions include early childhood services and programs, employment and economic development, Primary and secondary and higher education, increase in employment, improving community health and lifestyle decisions. - Resources and Finance - focus on regional planning.
Hospitals with 150 to 300 beds also are more likely to have low RN staffing ratios in medical-surgical units. In contrast, small hospitals with less than 50 beds have lower staffing ratios in intensive care units. There appear to be clusters of low-staff hospitals in certain counties. There is little research to suggest that minimum staffing mandates will improve quality of care, but research on this topic is improving rapidly. Spetz concludes that the "data suggest that some hospitals staff substantially lower than the state average.
IPA “The health status of Aboriginal people is worse that other Australian’s on every indicator: life expectancy, maternal mortality, infant mortality, childhood mortality and adult mortality” (Willis,K., & Emer, S. 2007, p. 117) For example the life expectancy is on average 20 years lower (Oxfam Australia, Close the gap, 2012). This is a result of high levels of burden of disease amongst the indigenous population. This vast disparity of health status between Indigenous and non- Indigenous Australians can be explained through many social factors including education employment and income. These social determinants have a great influence on behaviour. And it is these behaviours that ultimately leads to illness contributing to the burden
Evaluate different sociological explanations of health and illness in two social groups (D1) Artefact explanation Strength of this explanation is that it gives an account of technical problems in measuring and defining health. However studies show the link between health and social class are not true to life. Different studies have been carried out and different measures of class and health have shown similar patterns. The amount of people in the lower classes always showing poor health has risen. Natural and social selection explanation One strength of this explanation is that it explains the persistence of high mortality and ill health in lower social classes.
The minority members of the community are often totally left out or ignored in the provision of health care (Oppenheimer 1055). There is a significant level of inequality and favoritism in the health sector globally. Evidences indicate that ethnic and racial minorities in the community receive low quality health care as compared to the non-minority groups. This is evidenced by the statistics that indicate that the minority groups report the highest mortality and morbidity rates in the society, especially those that relate to chronic infections. A report on inequality in the provision of care by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) concluded that “racial and ethnic disparities in healthcare exist and, because they are associated with worse outcomes in many cases, are unacceptable” (Pasick 67).
Core 1 – Health priorities in Australia – ‘Groups experiencing health inequalities’ For Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples: 1) Describe the nature and extent of the health inequalities experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples. Health inequity occurs when individuals or communities experience relatively high levels of a disease, or other health issue, due to circumstances which are quite often beyond their control. For example, some groups have shorter life expectancies, poor access to health services, higher levels of avoidable risk factors and/or reduced ability to make healthy lifestyle choices. Inequities refer to situations or actions that lack fairness or justice. Inequities refer to social or economic differences between people or groups.