Their traditional rules, about festivals and sanctuaries, were there to be obeyed without question.” This exemplifies that the Greek gods were of high importance and held the power to determine and undermine the way Spartan society, military and religion was practised in everyday life. Their worship emphasized the attributes most relevant to the city's ideals. The Dioscuri, Castor and Polydeuces, were twin gods who play an important part in Spartan society and worship as they were known and associated as young men and their pursuits of horsemanship, athletics, warfare and protectors of guests
“Sharecropping is exactly what the name suggests—a system under which both landowner and tenant receive a share of the crop. By the end of slavery, some ex African Americans that were slaved started to work as Sharecroppers on the same land once they were enslaved upon. With high demand of labor in the south, Virginia became a common place to find former slaves working as sharecroppers as well as poor whites. Sharecropping was also an attempt on behalf of planters to control the labor market and benefit from the system. With the 19th century depression, sharecroppers and farmers were greatly affected however the “golden age” of America agriculture arrived by the twentieth century.
In his commentary of Xenophon’s ‘Hellenica’, George Carkwell argues that Sparta originally lost her power from 394 BC, after the naval victory of the Persian and Greek fleet. The combined Persian and Greek fleet was under the command of the Athenian Conon and Pharnabazus. They defeated the Spartan navy led by Pisander. Following this significant defeat, Spartan ‘harmosts’ were expelled through the Aegean and this led to the Lacedaemonian maritime empire being virtually
Essay Explain what the evidence reveals about the Spartan military way of life. The Spartan military way of life can be better understood via the evidence collected. Sparta produced what is probably the most iconic military in ancient history. The ancient Spartan warriors are known for their bravery, professionalism and skill. Spartans were completely focused on their military.
Included in these reforms were the dissolving of the property requirements necessary for military service, the implementation of new training practices, the reorganisation of the army and the innovation in equipment. Marius made significant changes to the recruitment of Rome’s soldiers. Previous to Marius’ reform, citizens were required to meet a certain property value in order to qualify for military service. Marius, in 107 BC, in order to raise troops for his campaign against the Numidian prince Jugurtha, abolished these land requirements and thus opened up military service to the capitecensi and proletariat classes. Plutarch, in his life of Marius, asserts “contrary to law and custom he enrolled in his army many poor men of low standing, a class of people who used to be not accepted by commanders in
They depended on slave labor for economic stability. Without the slaves many whites believed they were not able or should be doing the backbreaking labor. The plantation owners also needed the support of the slaves in all areas of their lives such as: cooks, housecleaners, nannies and chauffeurs. The possibility of life without the slaves was devastating. Slaves were the support system of their owners.
The share cropper was a freed slave that came back to work on the same plantation after being freed because the slave had nowhere to go. Share croppers, unlike slaves, were not supported by the plantation owners. They were left to fend for themselves. In many cases, the sharecroppers were indebted to the land owners and had to pay the landowners before for their own families. In many ways, it was nothing more than a metamorphosis of slavery.
Although, Solon’s laws did not establish a democracy, they were a crucial step towards Athenian democracy. Within this, Solon also created a social hierarchy based on agriculture, this allowed each class to participate in the government but also have their own obligation for taxes, contributions and other benefits. The classes included: the Pentakosiomedimnoi (the most powerful landowning class), the Hippies (consists of government officials), then the Zeguital (the lower officials in the government) and lastly, Thetes (owned no land, had little or no influence within the government) (4). Solons’ laws allowed the citizens to have more rights with their government and to be able to stabilize within their social hierarchy’s. Solons contributions consisted of moderate rearrangement rather then an entire revolutionary transfer of political power.
Also, the Spartans were rich because owning property and passing money down their families made for future generations to have money  the government of the Spartans was of an oligarchical rule. This meant that only few ruled; which meant either the rich or kings ruled. All free men could vote in their assembly on many issues. This resembled a demokratia. The poor could vote for the ephors, which theoretically, would run Sparta.
Life of a Slave on Plantation Life of a Slave on Plantation People around the world, work for various reasons. Some people may work because they want to build a future for their families, others might work because they want to make more money, and others even feel satisfaction from it. But that was not the case of African American slaves for they were obligated to work on plantation to keep themselves alive. For more than three centuries, the greedy Americans dehumanized African American slaves in order to get wealthier. Despite the harsh reality of slavery in America, African American slaves found ways to cope with their reality on plantation.