The Importance Of Not Being English

1906 Words8 Pages
1. Provide a brief account on the Irish grievances. England began colonising parts of Ireland 900 years ago. In the 16th and the 17th centuries England brought the whole of Ireland under systematic rule. At that time England became Protestant and Ireland did not-she remained Catholic-, so, to strengthen its political and economical hold on Ireland, England encouraged English and Scottish Protestants to settle in Ulster - northeast of Ireland-, which possessed the most fertile parts of Ireland. The Protestants soon outnumbered the Catholics. In 1789 the Irish began their struggle to become independent. Although many of the new Irish nationalists were protestant (previously the nationalists had been only catholic), the majority of the Protestants- of Ulster, mostly- felt threatened by the Irish catholic majority and formed the Orange Order , a solidarity association of lodges. In 1920 the Irish convinced England that she could no longer go on governing Ireland, but the Protestants of Ulster warned that they would fight rather than be part of a catholic dominated state. In the end, the nationalists accepted the independence of all Ireland except the six counties that made up Ulster. 2. Which was the agreement reached in 1920/21 and which were its consequences? In order to ease the tension between Catholics and Protestants, in 1921 London decided to allow the Northern Irish to govern themselves. However, the Protestants, as the majority, kept the Catholics out of government the whole time, fearing that their participation would lead to the Protestant incorporation into the Irish Republic. Even though Northern Ireland (NI) was already the poorest part of the UK, the Catholics were significantly disadvantaged. In 1968 they, supported by many Protestants, demonstrated on the streets, demanding fair participation in political and economic life. Ulster loyalists
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