The Patriot act defines specific obligations for all financial institutions to report inconsistent cash activities. Online banking has led to a deeper concern regarding the securitization of transactions. Some may say that this act is an intrusion into personal liberties; however, technology and the unethical use of such, has changed the landscape. Background checks and formal validation procedures are now part of the financial culture to ensure personal protections. Fair Credit Reporting Act of 1970 The Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) was enacted to “protect consumers from the disclosure of inaccurate and arbitrary personal information held by consumer reporting agencies” (Consumer Privacy, 2001, ¶1).
* Define and give an example of separation of powers and checks and balances * Separation of powers- An aspect of the Madisonian Model of government that requires each of the three branched of government to be independent of and to share power with each other so that one cannot control the others. Ex. Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches of govn’t all separate * Checks and balances- balances power- Important feature of the Constitution which enables each branch of government to constrain the other branched activities in order to prevent any one branch from gaining too much power. * After the American Revolution and under the Articles of Confederation, who started to gain/lose political power? * the wealthy lost power and the low income/farmers
With this case it defined the fourth amendment to “protect the person not the place”. (Fordham, p.580). This means that even though the person is in public if he wanted to protect something and making it private then he has the legal right to. According to Justice Harlan there is a two-step inquiry to determine whether a defendant expected to keep something private. These two steps are , “(1) whethere the individual “exhibited an actual (subjective) expectation of privacy”; (2) whether the expectation is “one that society is prepare to recognize as reasonable.”“( Fordham, p.580).
Censorship is making terrestrial radio monotonous and it is driving many national figures to satellite radio for freedom. Howard Stern is just one of the major people who have left regular radio for satellite radio. Censorship on regular cable television is also expanding to become a problem with airing shows and many people have resort to extra cable packages such as HBO. Censorship is a violation of ones rights and it should be lessened on both radio and television. It is vital that people in the United States should continually to protect free speech.
We see this issue arising with the introduction of the Patriot Act after 9/11. Much debate has occurred concerning the issues of privacy related to the Patriot Act. Unlike the privacy issue in the book, everyone is monitored; where as the Patriot Act allows law enforcement to spy on an individual that might be a threat to national security. The second issue is that of government interaction. The
Through the constitution the congress is still allowed to tax and spend. The tax on the health coverage is to be paid when people do their tax returns and there are many factors that determine how much someone owes. But as stated by Justice Roberts the mandate “looks like a tax in many respects” according to the decision made by the 11th U.S. Circuit Court the mandate did not impose a tax. Despite the Anti- Injunction Act, The Supreme Court ruled that the penalty case could proceed considering the constitutionality of the tax.
The Supreme Court created the exclusionary rule to prevent police misconduct. When a police officer is in violation of an individual’s fourth amendment right which is the right to be free from illegal search and seizure, the evidence found during that illegal act is kept out of federal court. This would have been helpful during the OJ Simpson trial. The exclusionary rule not only has three elements to it but it has a purpose for it too. With this are the three elements which are as follows.
However, if businesses believe they have been a victim of deceptive advertising they can bring an action under s.43(a) of the Lanham Act. The Federal Trade Commission has developed a framework for regulating deceptive commercial speech, in which one must prove the advertisement was a “material representation, omission or practice” that was “likely to mislead a customer”, and that “no one acting reasonably under the circumstances” would believe the claims. Deceptive commercial speech in the UK is regulated by the Unfair Commercial Practices Directive (UCPD) as well as national advertising codes. The UCPD seeks the protect the economic interests of consumers from deceptive commercial practices but does not seek to protect businesses. The UK also regulates political campaign spending for the 365 days up to the vote and four months after the vote but does this only for relevant elections and does not regulate outside these campaign periods.
As such, it has fashioned various state laws to govern relations between the government, individuals, and businesses. As such, I view this issue as pertinent to state cohesion. Old paper communication methods may have more protection abilities as opposed to internet affiliated communication methods, including emails. While technology harbors the ability to transform protection measures in various measures, the state should engage in warranted business with furnished information. While most institutions confirm that the state sends multiple requests in a year to inquire about personal information, there remains a massive task on verifying that information gathered by the state are legally obtained and legally used for rightful endeavors.
Have you ever stopped and taken the time to think, “Am I being watched?” Well if you haven’t I’m here to tell you that you are. As American citizens our privacy is being violated and most of us aren’t aware of it. We are violated by being watched and tracked through your technology and keeping tabs on you. Informational novels like “Nineteen Eighty-four” by George Orwell and articles like “This Smartphone Tracking Tech Will Give You the Creeps.” by Christina DesMarais and “That’s No Phone. That’s My Tracker” by Peter Maass and Megha Rajagopalan’s give you an insight on how the technology we are willing to buy today are under surveillance.