During the time of the Industrial Revolution in England, cities grew rapidly. One of these cities was Manchester. The quick growth of these cities caused many issue. In Manchester specifically, growth caused the health standards to decrease, life spans to shorten, and the city itself to become unclean and polluted. People reacted to those issues differently.
Recent attempts and policies have reduced some of the waste but a greater effort is needed to solve the trash issue. The History of Waste In early History American settlers dealt with trash by dumping it over the back fence, or burying the trash. “In the years of 1347-1351 the bubonic plague, also called the ‘black death’, spread through Europe, Asia, and Africa” (Amsel, 2013, p. 1). The spread of Trash in urban areas helped with the increased infection of humans with the plague. The large amount of trash on the streets brought rats which carried fleas and infected humans (Amsel, 2013).
Symptoms of this plague included but were not limited to sub epidermal hemorrhages, swollen lymph nodes, and gangrene. From infection to death was a relatively short period most of the time only being a week. As the plague ravaged Europe it took with it an estimated 25-50 million people and forever changed its social and economic landscape. (Gottfried, p. 6-7) One of the biggest impacts of the plague felt throughout the world was that of trade. The plague disrupted the entire old world trading system due to the fact that trade was the main cause of the spread.
Between the Americas and the Pacific islands, small pox, but measles, diphtheria, whooping cough, and influenza took heavy tolls on many people. In the western hemisphere, before the voyages, none of the people acquired or possessed those diseases, but in the eastern hemisphere, they were endemic. When these infectious diseases traveled to unexposed populations, it set-off terrible epidemics that destroyed entire societies. In 1519, the epidemic smallpox took over the Aztec empire. Imported diseases took the worst tolls in less populated areas like the Aztec and Inca empires.
Women and children also had to work in coal mines because they were small. Outside, the air was polluted from all the smoke, the water was contaminated, and the cities were overcrowded. This caused diseases to travel quickly among people, resulting in their deaths. This was a capitalist time, where the means of production was owned by the factory owners. This gave people like Karl Marx ideas that the government should own the means
The rats were so big that they ate most of the food. Rats carry diseases, so the rats alone would make the people sick. This war expanded the health service, and lead to a high demand for nurses/physicians and hospitals. In the summer of 1914 Great Britain’s leaders formed many hospitals fully equipped with all of the medical devices they would need to provide for 7,000 wounded individuals. There were also army nurses
Traditionally the U.S hotel industry used to exhaust the water supply and electricity by havoc misuse. Then there was the question of garbage disposal as huge amount of redundant objects in form of garbage were being excreted from the hotels. What was horrific was that there was seldom any recycling format. But the environmental care process adopted by Kimpton Hotel has changed the scenario since its implication of the environment care plan. Condensed laundering of linens, at customer prudence, has already been adopted passionately across the range of budget to opulent hotels.
This was a major contributing factor toward the spread of the disease as the proximity between people was smaller, and meant that sick people were coming into more frequent contact with healthy people. This proved to be very devastating for the population in general and saw an massive decrease to the already decreasing population in towns alone (seeing 33% of the entire U.K population wiped out by around 1387). Another consequence of the growth of towns in terms of how it allowed the black death to be devastating is that it encouraged an increase in trade. With the towns ever-growing and expanding, new trade routes and increasing trade activity allowed the disease to spread to many more places quicker. New trade routes also meant that the disease was reaching certain areas were the disease had perhaps not reached yet through the trade; so more and more areas were getting affected.
In 2008, Zimbabwe was again struck with its worst outbreak of Cholera. Cholera is one of the oldest and most recognizable infectious diseases in the world and is quite easily avoided and treated, but still, it is responsible for thousands of deaths worldwide. In examining this atrocity, the disease shall be looked at as well as the chain of infection, ways to break the chain of infection and therefore the spread of the disease by both the individual and on a public health perspective. Cholera in simplest form, is an intestinal infection that can cause slight diarrhoea or it can cause profuse watery diarrhoea, vomiting, circulatory collapse and shock, leading to death in a matter of hours, at its worst (Centers for disease control and prevention 2009, p.1 of 2). The incidence of cholera in Zimbabwe can be contributed accordingly to Unicef (2008) to a ‘complex political, economic and humanitarian crisis’.
The pollution level of water is the same in major cities in the country because the industries are there and waste creates water pollution and sanitation problems (Ardhianie, 2009). Jakarta, Indonesia is plagued by air and water pollution, which is having detrimental effects on the health of the people who live there, the environment, and the world in general. Historical Development of Pollution Air pollution, water pollution and solid waste removal are all problems in Jakarta, Indonesia. Air pollution is caused by heavy traffic into and around the city, poor fuel quality in vehicles which is in part due to vehicles without emissions-control technologies (Marshall, 2005). This is the main source of air pollution that is causing the thick smog in the city.