The Impact Of Sentencing

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Running head: IMPACT OF SENTENCING GUIDELINES The Impact of Sentencing Guidelines on the Criminal Justice System Sabriya F. Mitchell Capella University IMPACT OF SENTENCING GUIDELINES Abstract The impact of sentencing, in some cases, does not impact inmate recidivism. Research showed that domestic violence or violence against women is one of the few crimes that law enforcement is reluctant to get involved. It is still believed that if a criminal is giving lengthy sentences it will deter them from committing crimes that will lead them back to prison. The chance of this way of thinking being a successful way of deterring criminals is yet to be proven. IMPACT OF SENTENCING GUIDELINES Sentencing whether mandatory or voluntary has guidelines specific to the state. For those with only a passing familiarity with the criminal justice system, it appears that guidelines are unified and equitable across the United States. “The adoption of sentencing guidelines in a number of states has motivated a substantial body of research on the relationship between these policies and state-level sanctions” (Crotty, 2004). There has been question of recidivism of offenders and if it is due to the leniency in sentencing in reference to certain crimes. “In the latter part of the 20th century, amid allegations of unwarranted sentence disparity, many states searched for a commonsense alternative to indeterminate sentencing. The advent of sentencing guidelines, standards specifying predetermined dispositions for given offense gravity and prior record combinations , seemed the answer to many legislators’ prayers and a means of achieving sentence parity” (Kautt & Johnson, 2009). In some instances, guidelines moderate sentencing policy and rationalize it, bringing sentencing outcomes into closer alignment with sentencing. Crotty (2004) argues that previous research on the

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