If they put bad ratings on them, they wouldn’t sell! But they eventually couldn’t keep them high. Once the ratings went down, people couldn’t pay off their loans. They use the analogy of bubbles for economic problems. We have and now we have the bailout bubble.
As stated in extract 1, it tells us that the goods we import are not made in the UK and so makes it impossible to replace the imports, therefore meaning that we still have to import goods, despite the high prices due to the low exchange rate of sterling. This is partnered with the fact that some suppliers (shown in extract 1) have agreed long term supply contract with cheaper overseas suppliers before the depreciation of the sterling and so they are now paying high prices. This may mean that these suppliers may have to increase the prices of these goods, therefore leading to cost push inflation due to trying to maintain a decent profit margin in the hope the demand for the good does not drop dramatically. However, it is stated that there still may be a large price differential with countries such as China and India, even after sterling's depreciation. On the other hand however, as stated in extract 1, line 8, volume of good imported has also increased by 16% and inflation has continued well above target.
Therefore, understanding exactly how monetary policies will affect the economy is extremely important. Monetary policies generally will raise or lower interest rates, which will ultimately affect individuals and business demand for goods and services. Unfortunately, many individuals do not understand the entire concept surrounding the Federal Reserve real interest rate. For example, any magnitude of decreasing the real rates will lower the cost of borrowing; this will increase investment spending, and influence individuals to buy durable goods. These items may consist of automotive, recreational vehicle, homes, and higher educational opportunities.
This is a strange method for pumping cash into the economy and planning to bring down the long haul premium rates so as to battle a retreat. Since investment rates in mechanical nations had declined to close focus in the result of the worldwide emergency, the degree for further fiscal moving through lower strategy rates got to be exceptionally constrained. Quantitative easing (QE) and other stake buy projects have consequently been received under extraordinary circumstances. Japan is credited as the first nation that began actualizing QE in 2001. Yet it was not until the 2008 money related emergency that Central Banks of created nations began utilizing QE normally to empower their economies, build bank loaning, and support
The question we all as taxpayers should be asking is whether or not we will see a good return on our investment. The Democratic proposal is a bit more negotiable since the taxpayers would at least own an equity interest in these companies. However, even that modified plan seems too expensive and way too intrusive. We should consider alternative plans that are not quite as intrusive to market mechanisms such as the Lindt plan. The Paulson plan also seems to signal a dangerous shift away from liberal market mechanisms into an age of neo-mercantilism.
“The net export effect of expansionary monetary policy will be in the same direction as the monetary policy effect”.1 Recommended Course of Action Although both fiscal policy and monetary policy prove to have beneficial effects on an economy during a contractionary period, we believe that the government should use a combination of both policies…… - The money supply may be ineffective, but in the end people want to make sure that they will have money to save up in case of emergencies. There is no change in investment spending meaning little change in aggregate demand. - Further to this, the fiscal policy may be ineffective, as the extensive “time lags” may dig us deeper, creating a depression. - To what extent?? ?
• Significant debt issue is a concern as it is risky and in conflict with the company’s culture and managerial of low-risk attitude. Hence, 20% debt-to-capital restructure is recommended as it is not significant amount as opposed to other alternatives. • Other effects, including financial distress, signaling, investment and clientele considerations, are difficult to measure but predictable to balance out to a mildly optimistic set of considerations. • An alternative approach is to increase debt in order to use the proceeds to pay dividends, however it is not recommended. In conclusion, if Hill Country were to engage in the leveraged recapitalization, this report would highly recommend the 20% debt-to-capital ratio be used to repurchase shares.
With Mr. Parker being clearly motivated to merge, I would like to consider motivations for Mr. Baily to oppose the merger. When Mr. Bailey was initially approached regarding a merger with USO he expressed concern regarding the financial stability of the UOC versus the financial stability of the USO. The UOC is financially stable due to a reserve fund that is in place due to their current business model. These funds allow the UOC to be flexible and maintain stability if they only cut projects that do not meet their fund-raising goals. The USO does not have this flexibility and could not operate within their current successful business model.
This would limit the government spending. Looking at the current proposal of increasing taxes as an intervention on behalf of the upper income or wealthy would not be acceptable. Their policy would be for the government to spend more and try to prevent any more deficits. In the past, Classical economists and Keynesian economist were in debate .The Classicalist’ laissez-faire policy approach back in 1929 during the Great Depression, did not work. In President Roosevelt’s time, during World War II, Keynesians’ approach pulled the economy out from the Depression and ultimately improved the
Therefore, the equilibrium rate of growth is given by matching proportionate change in output with the ratio of savings-output to that of capital-output. This sustains the economy along some warranted steady growth path. According to the model, temporary deviations from the warranted growth path would not be self-correcting. Because of the lack of self-correcting forces within the dynamics of the model, it is said to be characterized by ‘knife-edge instability’. That is, market-regulated growth espoused by the model is unstable and, thus, necessitates government intervention.