The Impact of European Imperialism in Africa

1012 Words5 Pages
During the 19th century, Britain had a huge empire, extending throughout the world. Up into 1869, Britain only controlled very little land in Africa. Their main focus was to develop imperialism in their more profitable places. Places that gain opportunity for increase in their economy. The main reason the British practiced imperialism in Africa was to bring forth Christianity and many European civilizations to African countries. Britain’s economy fed on trade, and they did not want the West Coast of Africa for its palm oil. They believed it was too unstable for good commerce without their control. Their main objective was to protect their high paying countries; India and the Caribbean. Since the slave trade in the 1830’s, Africa didn’t impress the British. But the Britain’s imperialism in Africa changed dramatically, and for many reasons. The main reason the British annexed land in Africa was to prevent invaders from getting to India. In 1869, the French completed the Suez Canal, which was a quick route to India. If other countries were to seize control of the canal, the possibilities rose that they would cut Britain off, and seize India for themselves. Just like the Suez Canal, the northern tip of Africa appears profitable. The canal is not the reason the British flocked to the tip, it was the possibility of fortune. Diamonds have been discovered in what is now modern day Kimberley. During 1877, the British annexed Transvaal, which was the home to many Boers. The Boers attacked several of the Britain’s, showing no mercy to anyone on their way. They revolted in 1881, which led them to a victory over the British. The Boers were back in control, until further greed got the best of the British. But instead of diamonds, this time Britain’s were chasing after gold. The Boers sought desperately to keep the British out of their home. They soon steered them away by
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