Europe wanted to set up and colonize in Africa, mainly because of Africa's raw materials it was purely economic. . (Iweriebor, 2011) The African's did not take kind to this, and it provoked not only African political responses but also diplomatic responses and military resistance. A lot of treaties of protection for the leaders of African societies, states, and empires went out. There was a lot of controversy about these treaties and eventually the military had to step in.
Enemy tribes were often forced to live together, which resulted in civil wars over the years. These wars, however, were not the only effects that European imperialism had on Africa. Some effects were great for the Europeans and Africans, but others only benefited the mother countries at the colonists’ expense. Document 1 clearly illustrates how the mother countries benefited at the expense of the
Africa’s Current Barriers There are many reasons why Africa is considered an impoverished continent, but there are three that stand out against the others. Africa is not fully developed because of past history, disease, and agricultural issues. Africa lacks many things such as organization, power, and rule which also contribute to these three main issues. One reason that Africa is poor and wrecked is because of colonialism. Some of the first civilizations started in Africa, and forever after other civilizations wanted to conquer Africa as a means of showing their global superiority.
Meaning these now obsolete slaves were being subject to have to watch European countries take over their lands and began industrializing on african soil because of how rich in materials the African land is. This was also seen in India, when the British took control of the Indian Company, and the British’ habits began to get to the indians to the point of which they eventually revolted (as seen in Document
Most people who worked in the factories lived in the factories which had little living space, lack of proper ventilation and lack of proper hygiene (Wikipedia). Due to the poor living conditions and overcrowding people were subject to health issues and death related from communicable diseases. Along with the poor living conditions, hunger and malnutrition were common during this time. Labor laws did not exist. Workers worked long hours without breaks and children were also subjected to these cruel working conditions as they were often put to work alongside their parents.
The idea of European superiority and dominance drove the social structure of the "new world", (consisting mainly of North and Latin Americas and the Caribbean). Because of this dominant racial ideology, the native peoples of both regions were often subjects of discrimination and oppression. The extent of their mistreatment differed, as in North America they were simply pushed aside or confined to a certain area to live, while in the Caribbean and Latin America they were forced into servitude and labor. The dominant racial ideology of Europeans also fueled the slave trade that was prominent in the time period of 1500-1830, which involved shipping African slaves to the the Americas to increase the productivity of the colonies. In both areas, slaves were basically property, bought, sold, and traded to do specific and often labor intensive tasks.
Then Kloby helps us look at real examples of different times in which colonialism has hurt Africans more than helped them. All of these authors have come to one clear consensus: colonialism has ultimately destroyed Africa’s chances of becoming a great and powerful continent. In Mies’ essay, she tends to be very pessimistic about the Africa being able to “catch-up” to other already developed countries. Mies says that, “the poverty of the underdeveloped nations is not as a result of ‘natural’ lagging behind but the direct consequence of the overdevelopment of the rich industrial countries who exploit the so-called periphery in Africa” (151). She denies that possibility that Africa can catch up by following the same path of industrialization, technological progress, and capital accumulation as the more developed countries have used.
CCOT essay Sub Saharan Africa Taylor Nowak During the 20th, the region of Sub Saharan Africa, wars with Europe to decolonize Sub Saharan Africa were coming about and a struggle for independence. The struggle for power in Africa from Europe was declining as world wars were becoming bigger problems for Europe, but the influence of western style and nationalism caused an internal conflict in the region itself. During the year of 1914, world one war was coming about, and Africans gained a new sight on just how powerful Europeans were in the region. Most of the time during the war men and women were taken from their homes and were forced to do labor for European enterprises or join the military. Ghana was the first sub Saharan
Overall, the trade brought about unceasing insecurities, economic disorder, and political chaos in the African continent. It blocked its socio-economic development by exploiting its technological, agricultural and human resources for the benefit of Europe only. It damaged Africa's mercantilist economy and prevented its evolution into a capitalist economy. On the long run, the Atlantic slave trade was the starting point of a process of socio-economic exploitation and political fragmentation that was later institutionalised by Europeans through colonisation and neocolonisation. In the end, only Europeans benefited from the trade.
Dead Aid: Why aid is not working and how there is a better way for Africa By Dambisa Moyo In the book Dead Aid, author Dambisa Moyo gives an indictment of the foreign aid industry, arguing that western aid to Africa has not only perpetuated poverty but also worsens it. She insists “You get the corruption—historically, leaders have stolen the money without penalty—and you get the dependency, which kills entrepreneurship. You also disenfranchise African citizens, because the government is beholden to foreign donors and not accountable to its people.” Much of "Dead Aid" outlines an agenda for Africa's economic development, such as expanding its trade and developing its banking sector -- that is, creating a reliable system of credit that will allow individuals to earn interest on their savings and businesses to receive the loans they need to grow. While criticizing outsiders for their misguided ideas, she does not ignore Africa's self-inflicted wounds. She notes there are steep obstacles to doing business there.