The Impact Of Black Death On Society Essay

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The Impact of Black Death on Society Rowena R. Chaple World Civilizations I HIS 103 Professor Steven Harn March 6, 2010 The Impact of Black Death on Society All through history, the world has endured enormous death rates caused by plagues, and the most famous was without a doubt the bubonic plague. It was named the Black Death and spread across Medieval Europe in the years 1346-53. During this time the Black Death was to kill 1.5 million people out of an estimated 4 million people. Ancient history includes descriptions of epidemics that seized their victims suddenly and offered an agonizing death as far back as 430 B.C.E. in Athens, Greece. The plague of Justinian is among the earliest recorded. Justinian was the Emperor of Byzantium the eastern remnant of the Roman Empire that had Constantinople as its capital city. The earliest reports of the epidemic came from ports in Egypt and from there the disease spread northwards, rapidly reaching Constantinople in 54a AD. Constantinople was among the largest cities of the world. It relied on massive imports from far-reaching parts of the Empire to supply its citizens with food and resources. It is thought that rats on merchant ships brought the plague to the capital and it spread rapidly. (O’Sullivan, p. 26, 2010). The plague typically killed sixty to seventy percent of its human victims. It actually wiped out some small villages and towns. Social, economic, and demographics on the society were affected during this time, and in later centuries. How much change to society and economics of the world did this plague cause, and what was the Black Death? The Black Death was another word for the Bubonic plague. Not only did it affect Western Europe, it also affected the Middle East and Asia during 1347-1351. It was spread by fleas carried by rats that were common in the towns and villages of Europe. The
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