The Identity of Anatolian People

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THE IDENTITY OF ANATOLIAN PEOPLE THE CRADLE OF THE CIVILIZATION Today, the developed western world have the prevalent view that the roots of today’s civilization is based on ancient Greek and today’s Greek population is the successor of ancient Greeks. This conviction is not wrong but it is in a way incomplete. It would be much more proper to make a distinction between the civilization in Greece and Anatolia. Although, Greek language was spoken on both sides of the Aegean Sea during this golden age, there were distinctive differences between the civilizations on two different geographical areas and the one in Anatolia deserves the title of being the cradle of the civilization much more. HISTORICAL PROGRESSION As the word itself implies, civilization starts when mankind started to establish settling units, called ‘cities’ and adopted a new way of living in those places. The history of the first cities in Anatolia dates back to years 7.000 BC. The excavations in the Hacilar Tumulus (near today’s Burdur in Mediteranian region of Turkey) have shown that the civilization in this place is even older than Mesopotamia. Among the historians, it is a generally accepted fact that during the Neolithic and Khalkolithic ages, this region was the most developed region of the world. Then, starting with the years of 3.000 BC, Mesopotamia and Egypt, with the effect of inventing and using the alphabet, made big progress in trade activities and succeeded to go ahead of Anatolia. During those times, the people living in the west and south regions of Anatolia were named as Luvi. They were a matriarchal society and worshiping mother goddess. It is known that some Luvis have moved to Crete and created the Minoan civilization. Among the years 2.000 BC, the tribes named as Achaeans, living around Balkans, invaded Greece. They have created Michenian civilization under the

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