The History of Ireland Essay

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Irish history - The Celts came to Ireland around 300 B.C - Ireland converted to Christianity in the 5th century A.D. – Partly by St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland. - In 9th and 10th centuries Ireland, as well as Britain, was attacked by Vikings - The Vikings founded the first towns at Dublin, Limerick and Waterford - Large parts of the south and east were colonized by Norman and English settlers. - By the time the English control was restricted to a small area around Dublin, the ‘Pale’. - In the 16th and 17th centuries Ireland was under English control, which meant that the old Gaelic society destroyed. - English and Scottish settlers colonized the large parts of Ireland in an attempt to stop the frequent rebellions. - The Protestants Ascendancy, who was the pro-British Protestant upper class, owned most of the land in the 18th century. - The Catholic majority were discriminated and excluded from power. - Ireland was united with Britain in 1800 and the Irish parliament abolished. - The Catholic majority under Daniel O’Connell gained the right to vote in 1829. - An estimated million people was dying and another million emigrating under the potato famine in 1845-1849 - In the late 19th century Home Rule grew stronger. They only wanted a limited degree of self-government as a part of the U.K., they were opposed by the Unionist – Ulster Protestants. - Republicans i.e. supports of an independent Irish republic, rose in revolt at Easter 1916. - The English crushed the Easter Rising, but the Republicans won the 1918 elections. - The War of Independence began since the English refused to grant full independence. - The War ended in 1921, which ended with Ireland getting independence to a 26-country Irish Free State, but allowed the Protestant-dominated six countries of Northern Ireland to remain as a part of the U.K. - Many Republicans opposed

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