The History of Ireland Essay

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Ireland Ireland, the second-largest island in Europe, lies in the Atlantic Ocean on the western periphery of the European continent, separated from Great Britain to the east by the Irish Sea. Although the island is 84,433 square kilometers in size, the jurisdiction of the Republic of Ireland covers 70,280 square kilometers .With a population estimated at 3.97 million in 2004, Ireland remains relatively under populated with a population density of just 22 persons per square mile, in contrast to the European Union average of 44 persons per square mile. Geographically, Ireland is a saucer-like territory, encircled by low mountains on the coast and relatively flat plains in the center. The country is divided into the four provinces—Connacht, Leinster, Munster, and Ulster—with these provinces further subdivided into thirty-two counties. Twenty-six of these counties constitute the Republic of Ireland; six of Ulster's nine counties form Northern Ireland, now a part of the United Kingdom. Dublin is the capital city of Ireland, with an estimated population in 2002 of 1.058 million. The two official state languages are Irish and English. History One of the more significant dates in Irish history is May 1, 1169, when the Normans invaded Ireland. Two years later, when the Norman/English King Henry II was made Lord of Ireland in 1171, this marked the beginning of a period of English rule that was to last until 1922. Numerous insurrections occurred throughout the centuries against this domination, but because they were not popular widespread uprisings and because the Irish factions could not unite as they had done in 1014, when they defeated the Vikings at the Battle of Clontarf, their rebellions were all crushed. On Easter morning of 1916 insurgents took to the streets of Dublin in a failed attempt to begin the revolution. What became known as the Easter Rising resulted in
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