The History of Air Cargo Essay

912 Words4 Pages
Running head: THE HISTORY OF AIR CARGO The History of Air Cargo Barczyszyn, Moorehead, O'Brien and Woodward Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University The History of Air Cargo During the early years, aviation promoters were looking for other practical uses for the airplane. The first attempt of air freight occurred in November 1910, when a department store attempted to fly a shipment of silk from Dayton to Columbus, Ohio. The air shipment had beaten the railroad express between the two cities. In 1919, American Railway Express used a converted Handley-Page bomber to fly just over 1,000 pounds of freight from Washington, D.C. to Chicago. During the flight the aircraft experienced a frozen radiator that forced the plane to make an emergency landing in Ohio. Despite the set back the company pushed forward with moving freight through the air. In the late 1920’s airlines began flying freight across the country, benefiting businesses by moving their products and merchandise in a quick manner and allowing them to keep less inventory on hand. The amount of freight shipped throughout the 1920’s grew significantly, with only 45,859 pounds shipped in 1927. The figure had grown to 257,443 pounds in 1929 and by more than 1 million pounds per year in 1931. In 1925, Henry Ford's express company moved 1 million pounds of freight for the Ford Company and by 1929 they averaged more than 3 million pounds. Although there were a few attempts to organize air freight airlines from the 1920s, the first commercial airlines that were all-cargo did not emerge until after World War II. United Airlines originally formed for the purpose of carrying parcels by National Air Transport was founded on November 14, 1926. They delivered their first air cargo in the United States on September 1, 1927, between Dallas and New York. In March 1929, a company which was

More about The History of Air Cargo Essay

Open Document